The problem of pattern and scale in ecology

@article{Levin1992ThePO,
  title={The problem of pattern and scale in ecology},
  author={Simon A. Levin},
  journal={Ecology},
  year={1992},
  volume={73},
  pages={1943-1967}
}
It is argued that the problem of pattern and scale is the central problem in ecology, unifying population biology and ecosystems science, and marrying basic and applied ecology. Applied challenges, such as the prediction of the ecological causes and consequences of global climate change, require the interfacing of phenomena that occur on very different scales of space, time, and ecological organization. Furthermore, there is no single natural scale at which ecological phenomena should be… Expand
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