The probiotic paradox: live and dead cells are biological response modifiers

@article{Adams2010ThePP,
  title={The probiotic paradox: live and dead cells are biological response modifiers},
  author={Clifford A. Adams},
  journal={Nutrition Research Reviews},
  year={2010},
  volume={23},
  pages={37 - 46}
}
  • C. Adams
  • Published 20 April 2010
  • Biology
  • Nutrition Research Reviews
Probiotics are usually defined as products which contain viable non-pathogenic micro-organisms able to confer health benefits to the host. [] Key Result Heat-killed cells of Enterococcus faecalis stimulate the gastrointestinal immune system in chicks. Dead bifidobacteria induce significant increases in TNF-alpha production. Administration of heat-killed E. faecalis to healthy dogs increases neutrophil phagocytes. The probiotic paradox is that both live and dead cells in probiotic products can generate…

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