The probability heuristics model of syllogistic reasoning.

@article{Chater1999ThePH,
  title={The probability heuristics model of syllogistic reasoning.},
  author={Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford},
  journal={Cognitive psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={38 2},
  pages={191-258}
}
A probability heuristic model (PHM) for syllogistic reasoning is proposed. An informational ordering over quantified statements suggests simple probability based heuristics for syllogistic reasoning. The most important is the "min-heuristic": choose the type of the least informative premise as the type of the conclusion. The rationality of this heuristic is confirmed by an analysis of the probabilistic validity of syllogistic reasoning which treats logical inference as a limiting case of… CONTINUE READING
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