The primary position of the eyes, the resetting saccade, and the transverse visual head plane. Head movements around the cervical joints.

@article{Jampel1992ThePP,
  title={The primary position of the eyes, the resetting saccade, and the transverse visual head plane. Head movements around the cervical joints.},
  author={Robert S. Jampel and Dian X Shi},
  journal={Investigative ophthalmology & visual science},
  year={1992},
  volume={33 8},
  pages={2501-10}
}
Photographic and video analyses show that the primary position of the eyes is a natural constant position in alert normal humans, and the eyes are automatically saccadically reset to this position from any displacement of the visual line. The primary position is not dependent on fixation, the fusion reflex, gravity, or the head position. The primary position is defined anatomically by head and eye planes and lines that are localized by photography, magnetic resonance imaging, and x-rays of the… CONTINUE READING
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