The price of a vote: Diseconomy in proportional elections

  title={The price of a vote: Diseconomy in proportional elections},
  author={Hygor Piaget Monteiro Melo and Saulo D. S. Reis and Andr{\'e} A. Moreira and Hern{\'a}n A. Makse and Jos{\'e} S. Andrade},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
The increasing cost of electoral campaigns raises the need for effective campaign planning and a precise understanding of the return of such investment. Interestingly, despite the strong impact of elections on our daily lives, how this investment is translated into votes is still unknown. By performing data analysis and modeling, we show that top candidates spend more money per vote than the less successful and poorer candidates, a relation that discloses a diseconomy of scale. We demonstrate… 

Fundraising and vote distribution: A non-equilibrium statistical approach

A conceptual framework based on Shannon entropy maximization and Superstatistics is developed to establish a relation between the distributions of money spent by candidates and their votes and provides a tool to predict the outcome of a ballot and to alert for possible misconduct either in the report of fundraising and spending of campaigns or on vote counting.

The Impact of Technologies in Political Campaigns

Measurement of campaign efficiency in the 2020 elections using data envelopment analysis

  • Tatiana Bencová
  • Economics, Sociology
    Slovak Journal of Public Policy and Public Administration
  • 2020
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to analyze the efficiency of political parties campaign spending using the BCC output oriented model which assumes variable returns to scale.


Analyzing social systems at a large scale may allow to find important regularities in human behavior. Electoral processes are among the social phenomena of great importance for society, since the

A complex network approach to political analysis: Application to the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies

A network-based methodology to study how political entities evolve over time from the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies, where deputies are nodes and edges are represented by voting similarity among deputies revealed that plurality of ideas is not present at all.

Underlying socio-political processes behind the 2016 US election

A new external faction of Trump supporters took a strong influence over the traditional Republican Party (GOP) base during the election campaign, and an unexpectedly low number of automated ‘bot’ accounts and accounts associated with foreign intervention in the Trump-supporting group is detected.

The Legislators’ Engagement in Policy-making and Post-legislative Scrutiny in Nepal Since 1991

Parliament enacts legislation and has a role to evaluate the implementation of legislation in meeting the intended outcomes. Post-legislative scrutiny (PLS) identifies defective legislation and

Anomalous diffusion behavior in parliamentary presence.

This work examines parliamentary presence utilizing data from the sessions of the 49th-54th Brazilian Chambers of Deputies and identifies an anomalous diffusive process that corresponds to a robust superdiffusion, well identified with a ballistic regime.

Branding Strategies for Influencing Voter Citizenship Behavior in Indonesia: The Moderating Role of Psychological Contract Violation

The association of political brand relationship management and voters’ citizenship behavior is a relatively new concept in political marketing research. The relationship between voters and politica...



How Much Does a Vote Cost? Incumbency and the Impact of Campaign Spending at English General Elections

Abstract A number of studies have shown significant relationships between the votes cast for individual parties and the amount spent on their constituency campaigns at British general elections. Most

Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis

It is confirmed that a class of nations with similar election rules fulfill the universality claim, and the role of parties in the electoral performance of candidates is crucial: alternative scalings not taking into account party affiliations lead to poor results.

The Effects of Campaign Spending in Congressional Elections

Incomplete understanding of the connection between campaign spending and election outcomes has hindered evaluation of enacted and proposed congressional campaign finance reforms. Reanalysis of the

Statistical detection of systematic election irregularities

A parametric model quantifying the extent to which fraudulent mechanisms are present in elections with alleged fraud is developed and formulated, which produces robust outcomes with respect to the resolution of the data and therefore, allows for cross-country comparisons.

Reexamining the "Minimal Effects" Model in Recent Presidential Campaigns

  • S. Finkel
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Politics
  • 1993
Although much recent work suggests that contemporary presidential campaigns have more powerful electoral effects than were seen in previous decades, there has been little research that examines the

Voter Decision Making in Election 2000: Campaign Effects, Partisan Activation, and the Clinton Legacy

How do citizens respond to campaign events? We explore this question with a unique repeated measures survey design, fielded during the 2000 presidential campaign. We model transitions in support for

Does Campaign Spending Work?

This article reports the results of several field experiments designed to measure campaign effects in partisan contests. The findings suggest incumbent campaigns failed to increase incumbent vote

Capturing Campaign Effects

Do political campaign events determine election winners? For too long, political scientists argued that issues, not campaigns, determined whether politicians won or lost. Journalists and party

Election Turnout Statistics in Many Countries: Similarities, Differences, and a Diffusive Field Model for Decision-Making

A detailed analysis of turnout rate statistics for 77 elections in 11 different countries reveals several interesting features: for example, different countries have different degrees of local heterogeneities and seem to be characterized by a different propensity for individuals to conform to the cultural norm.

Some talk: Money in politics. A (partial) review of the literature

The financing of political campaigns is an area of active scholarly study. I review some of the recent literature and discuss important methodological issues that arise in empirical research on