The prevalence of nonmuscular causes of torticollis in children.

  title={The prevalence of nonmuscular causes of torticollis in children.},
  author={Robert Tracy Ballock and Kit M. Song},
  journal={Journal of pediatric orthopedics},
  volume={16 4},
Torticollis in children may result from a wide variety of pathologic processes. We retrospectively analyzed 288 patients seen in a tertiary care pediatric orthopedic facility for the evaluation of torticollis over a 10-year period to ascertain the frequency of nonmuscular causes of this condition. Fifty-three of these children (18.4% of the study population) had a nonmuscular etiology for their torticollis. Of these 53 patients, Klippel-Feil anomalies were present in 16 (30%), and an underlying… CONTINUE READING

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