The prevalence and determinants of solar keratoses at a subtropical latitude (Queensland, Australia)

  title={The prevalence and determinants of solar keratoses at a subtropical latitude (Queensland, Australia)},
  author={Frost and Green and Williams},
  journal={British Journal of Dermatology},
We report the association between skin pigmentation and individual sun exposure, and the occurrence of solar keratoses (SKs) in an unselected population, quantified for the first time. SKs were examined in a representative sample of 197 residents of the community of Nambour in Queensland, Australia. Estimates of sun exposure were combined with a measure of ultraviolet (UV) flux to estimate actual UV exposure, both occupational and recreational, during childhood and adult life. The number of… 
High incidence and regression rates of solar keratoses in a queensland community.
Solar keratosis prevalence increased with age in both sexes, and individuals with solar keratoses at baseline were over seven times more likely to develop additional solar ker atoses in the next 12 mo than those without prevalent solar keratography at baseline.
Knowledge and perceptions about sunburn and solar keratoses in Australia
An omnibus telephone survey of 1200 adult Australians determined self‐reported prevalence of and attitudes to sunburn and sunspots, knowledge of the term solar keratosis and prevalence of skin checks, and sun‐protection campaigns need to continue using evidence‐based interventions targeting younger people and men to reduce sunburn.
Epidemiology of actinic keratoses.
  • A. Green
  • Medicine
    Current problems in dermatology
  • 2015
Qualitative assessment of the natural history of AKs shows a high turnover, with new lesions developing and with other lesions regressing, and the precise rate of transformation is unknown due to the inaccuracies in monitoring AK lesions over time.
Prevalence of Actinic Keratosis in Patients Attending General Practitioners in Switzerland
This is the first study on AK prevalence in Switzerland identifying patients most affected by AK and helping to define future approaches to target general practitioners for education, screening, and specific intervention in patients with AK.
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A high prevalence of sunlight exposure during a period of high ultraviolet index is found in adults from southern Brazil, despite the media campaigns on the harmful effects of excessive sunlight exposure.
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Betapapillomavirus infection in combination with key risk factors increased the risk of actinic keratoses, which is consistent with a potentiation by Betapapilomav virus of the effect of established causal factors.
Prevalence of actinic keratosis among dermatology outpatients in Spain.
Drug Intake and Actinic Keratosis: A Case-Control Study.
High exposure to ARBs and antiplatelet agents may promote AK carcinogenesis in at-risk patients, and exposures to angiotensin II receptor blockers and anti platelet agents were identified as independent risk factors.
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The identification of patients at high risk for AK development and the identification of high-risk anatomical regions are important to establish the basis of effective screening programs to support public health.
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It is suggested that a reduction in exposure to sunlight in childhood will reduce substantially the incidence of solar keratoses, and by implication, squamous‐cell carcinomas, in adulthood.
Association of nonmelanoma skin cancer and actinic keratosis with cumulative solar ultraviolet exposure in Maryland watermen
Logistic regression showed that an older age, childhood freckling, and blue eyes significantly increased the risk of the development of all three types of skin tumor, which suggests that high levels of ultraviolet‐B exposure are important in SCC occurrence.
Sunlight exposure, pigmentation factors, and risk of nonmelanocytic skin cancer. II. Squamous cell carcinoma.
The results suggest that recent sun exposure (in the 10 years prior to diagnosis) may be important in accounting for individual risk of SCC.
Skin cancer in a Queensland population.
Sunlight exposure, pigmentary factors, and risk of nonmelanocytic skin cancer. I. Basal cell carcinoma.
The lack of association between cumulative sun exposure and BCC contradicts conventional wisdom about the cause of this tumor, and the increased risk with sun exposure at age 0 to 19 years suggests that childhood and adolescence may be critical periods for establishing adult risk for BCC.
The Epidemiology of Skin Cancer in Queensland: The Influence of Phenotype and Environment
A multivariate analysis of data gathered from long term residents of 3 widely separated regions of Queensland found that the genetically based factors as a group provided more information on susceptibility than the environmental factors.
Measurement and perception of skin colour in a skin cancer survey
Prevalence of actinic lesions was more highly correlated with subjectively assessed skin colour than with quantitative skin pigmentation, and the presence of keratoses was correlated with darkly‐pigmented backs of the hands.
Non‐melanotic skin cancer and solar keratoses in Victoria
Age, skin type, and sunlight exposure were the major factors influencing the prevalence of solar keratoses and skin cancers.
The determinants of actinic skin damage: problems of confounding among environmental and constitutional variables.
Constitutional and environmental determinants of actinic skin damage, assessed by cutaneous microtopography, were evaluated in 1,216 subjects attending the 1981 Busselton Health Survey in Western Australia and indicate a need for greater attention to confounding in nonexperimental skin cancer research.