The prepuce

@article{Cold1999TheP,
  title={The prepuce},
  author={C J Cold and J. R. Taylor},
  journal={BJU International},
  year={1999},
  volume={83}
}
cultures are diBcult to define, but include rites of Introduction passage, blood sacrifices and cultural markings [4]. Ritualistic, childhood genital surgery has become popuThe prepuce is a common anatomical structure of the male [1] and female [2] external genitalia of all human lar in the last several thousand years, making the prepuce the most vilified normal anatomical structure and non-human primates; it has been present in primates for at least 65 million years, and is likely to of the… 
Anatomy of the mouse penis and internal prepuce.
TLDR
The mouse internal prepuce is integral to the glans penis and clearly is involved in sexual function in so far as it contains a major erectile body innervated by penile nerves.
[Prepuce in boys and adolescents: what when, and how?].
TLDR
The article presents a review of foreskin conditions, clinical manifestation, therapy and arguments for patient's benefits, and improves education for physicians and parents with regard to the foreskin development and management.
Circumcision as Human-Rights Violation: Assessing Benatar and Benatar
TLDR
It is concluded that amputating normal, natural, protective, and sexually important tissue from a nonconsenting infant does not constitute abuse but is rather a matter for parental discretion, but to arrive at this conclusion, they ignore several important points.
Male genital mutilation: Beyond the tolerable?
For liberals like Martha Nussbaum, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has come to mark the boundary of toleration. By impairing physical, sexual and psychological functioning, the likes of Nussbaum
Anatomy of the cutaneous surface of the male genitalia, with elaboration upon the inner preputial coronal-shaft junction.
TLDR
Contradicting the prevailing descriptions in the literature that the inner prepuce is a single, uniform sheath, this study's observations and histological findings demonstrated that it actually splits into separate laminae that connect distally to the shaft at the base of the corona and proximally with the shaft fascia.
Circumcision Is Unethical and Unlawful
TLDR
Under existing United States law and international human rights declarations as well, circumcision already violates boys› absolute rights to equal protection, bodily integrity, autonomy, and freedom to choose their own religion.
Circumcision requirement in children with phimosis: immediately or elective?
TLDR
There is an ongoing debate with regards to the circumcision performed in newborns and during the phallic period spanning the ages of three to six years where sexual development takes place, and establishing actual indications for circumcision are important in terms of preventing complications in this period.
A rose by any other name? Rethinking the similarities and differences between male and female genital cutting.
TLDR
A critical examination of the tendency to segregate discussion of surgical alterations to the male and female genitals into separate compartments is offered, and a plea for greater gender neutrality in the approach to this contentious issue is made.
A study of histo-morphological changes of preputial skin
TLDR
There is an increased incidence of chronic balanoposthitis in the study population and the existence of several common misconceptions about the prepucal skin is revealed and the incidence of variousprepucal lesions among the population is demonstrated.
Jewish circumcision: an alternative perspective
TLDR
It is argued that circumcision is, nevertheless, not as essential to the authors' Jewish identity as most may actually be lapsing into a lethargic, semicomatose state as a reaction to overwhelming stress, as many of us have assumed.
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References

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Immunological functions of the human prepuce.
TLDR
A review of the scientific literature reveals that the actual eVect of circumcision is the destruction of the clinically demonstrated hygienic and immunological properties of the prepuce and intact penis.
Preputial plasty: a good alternative to circumcision.
TLDR
Parental assessment of both operations showed that morbidity was significantly less and of shorter duration for the preputial plasty group, and parents were pleased with the long-term results of both procedures.
The prepuce: specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision.
TLDR
The amount of tissue loss estimated in the present study is more than most parents envisage from pre-operative counselling.
The Histologic Spectrum of Prepuces from Patients with Phimosis
TLDR
Treatment of phimosis especially in young boys may regress spontaneously, and since on the other hand LSA may evolve into squamous cell carcinoma, it is concluded that treatment ofphimosis should be planned according to its histologic pattern and not according toIts monotonous clinical appearance.
Development of the human anterior urethra.
TLDR
The observations support the idea that 3 processes must act in synchrony to produce successful completion of the anterior urethra, and the prepuce forms by overgrowing the glans due to proliferation of the penile skin and subcutaneous tissues.
Dermatoses of the glans penis and prepuce.
TLDR
This work reviews embryology and regional anatomy, drug-induced eruptions, allergic and irritant dermatitis, infection, neoplasia, and traumatic and inflammatory dermatoses as they relate to the glans and prepuce.
Hypospadias hidden by a complete prepuce.
TLDR
Physicians who perform circumcision should fully retract the prepuce to detect occult hypospadias before completing the procedure, as it is generally thought that boys with hypos padias have a dorsal hooded prepuce resulting from incomplete development of the ventral phallus.
Clinical presentation and pathophysiology of meatal stenosis following circumcision.
TLDR
Preservation of the frenular artery at circumcision, or the use of an alternative procedure (preputial plasty), may be advisable when foreskin surgery is required, to avoid meatal stenosis after circumcision.
Analysis of shape and retractability of the prepuce in 603 Japanese boys.
TLDR
Incomplete separation of the prepuce is common and normal in neonates and infants, and preputial separation progresses until adolescence, and awareness of these findings will eliminate unnecessary circumcision in boys.
The conservative treatment of phimosis in boys.
TLDR
Treatment with 0.05% betamethasone cream is a simple and safe method for the treatment of phimosis in boys older than 3 years and strongly supports the saying, "The fortunate foreskin of an infant boy will usually be left well alone by everyone but its owner'.
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