The preparticipation physical examination.

  title={The preparticipation physical examination.},
  author={John A. Lombardo and S K Badolato},
  journal={Clinical cornerstone},
  volume={3 5},
For decades the preparticipation physical examination (PPE) has been used to screen athletes prior to sports participation to prevent injury or illness. Evolution of the PPE, it is theorized, originated from the need to identify individuals with conditions that may predispose them to injuries or life-threatening situations. However, the effectiveness, practicality, and worthiness of the examination are a matter of debate. As members of a medical team, physicians are responsible for the health… CONTINUE READING

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