The practice of self-citations: a longitudinal study

  title={The practice of self-citations: a longitudinal study},
  author={Silvio Peroni and Paolo Ciancarini and Aldo Gangemi and Andrea Giovanni Nuzzolese and Francesco Poggi and Valentina Presutti},
In this article, we discuss the outcomes of an experiment where we analysed whether and to what extent the introduction, in 2012, of the new research assessment exercise in Italy (a.k.a. Italian Scientific Habilitation) affected self-citation behaviours in the Italian research community. The Italian Scientific Habilitation attests to the scientific maturity of researchers and in Italy, as in many other countries, is a requirement for accessing to a professorship. To this end, we obtained from… 
Do open citations inform the qualitative peer-review evaluation in research assessments? An analysis of the Italian National Scientific Qualification
Whether citation-based metrics, calculated only considering open bibliographic and citation data, can support the human peer-review of NDs and yield insights on how it is conducted is explored.
Self-citation and its impact on scientific workflow assessment: The review of publications. Part I
  • V. Pislyakov
  • Computer Science
    Scientific and Technical Libraries
  • 2022
The author argues that the researchers obtain consensus on several aspects, e.
Self-citation and its impact on research evaluation: Literature review. Part I
This review summarizes papers which analyze impact of self-citation on research evaluation and considers how bibliometric instruments and databases respond to challenge of possible manipulation by selfcitations and how they correct bibliometry indicators calculated by them.
Review of: "Comparison of self-citation patterns in WoS and Scopus databases based on national scientific production in Slovenia (1996-2020)"
1. The goal of the article too late in the text The authors did a great job of summarising prior works on comparing Scopus and WoS and on self-citations in general. However, the description of the
Self-citation Analysis using Sentence Embeddings
A large-scale analysis of journal self-citations is conducted while taking into consideration the similarity between a publication and its references and compute similarities of article-reference pairs using sentence embeddings.
The Intellectual Structure of Social and Sustainable Public Procurement Research: A Co-Citation Analysis
Public procurement has recently taken into account social and sustainable factors, increasing academic literature in this field. The aim of this paper is to map the intellectual structure of social
Same same but different: self-citations identified through Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection
It is found that the numbers of self-citations identified through the automatic identification tools provided by Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection are confusing and inconsistent.
How much is too much? The difference between research influence and self-citation excess
This paper considers self-referencing and self-citing, describes the typical shape of self-Citation patterns for carefully curated publication sets authored by 3517 Highly Cited Researchers and quantifies the variance in the distribution ofSelf-citation rates within and between all 21 Essential Science Indicators’ fields.
The Sources of Knowledge of the Economic and Social Value in Sport Industry Research: A Co-citation Analysis
The main conclusion is the identification of a literature gap in regard to social value in sport organisations, which is expected to be a research opportunity for scholars.


Citation gaming induced by bibliometric evaluation: A country-level comparative analysis
It is argued that the Italian case offers crucial insights on the constitutive effects of evaluation systems and could become a paradigmatic case in the debate about the use of indicators in science-policy contexts.
Assessing author self-citation as a mechanism of relevant knowledge diffusion
Assuming shared content as an indicator of relevance and pertinence of citations, the results indicate that self-citations are, in general, useful as a mechanism of knowledge diffusion.
The prevalence of synchronous self-citation practices at the institutional level
Self-citation behaviour of authors affiliated to an institution was studied through synchronous self-citations analysis and it is found that authors tend to cite more of their recent works than the works of others.
A macro study of self-citation
This study investigates the role of self-citation in the scientific production of Norway (1981-1996) and finds that 36% of all citations represent author self-Citations, however, this percentage is decreasing when citations are traced for longer periods.
Self-citations at the meso and individual levels: effects of different calculation methods
Analysis of the production of individual researchers working at the Spanish CSIC in the areas of Biology and Biomedicine and Material Sciences finds that author and co-author self-citations provide valuable information on the scientific communication process, but external citations are the most relevant for evaluative purposes.
Does co-authorship inflate the share of self-citations?
The authors show that at the macro level multi-authorship does not result in any exaggerate extent of self-citations, as shown in other bibliometric studies.
A Small World of Citations? The Influence of Collaboration Networks on Citation Practices
Overall, there is little tendency to cite those nearby in the collaboration network, excluding direct self-citations, and the value of local co-author networks for the production of knowledge and for the accumulation of symbolic capital.
Open data to evaluate academic researchers: an experiment with the Italian Scientific Habilitation
This paper investigates the growth of open citations with an experiment on the Italian Scientific Habilitation, the National process for University Professor qualification which instead uses data from commercial indexes, and simulates the procedure by only using open data.
A concise review on the role of author self-citations in information science, bibliometrics and science policy
From the bibliometric viewpoint, there is no reason for condemning self-citations in general or for removing them from macro or meso statistics; supplementary indicators based on self- citations are, nonetheless, useful to understand communication patterns.