The power of national music in reducing prejudice and enhancing theory of mind among Jews and Arabs in Israel

  title={The power of national music in reducing prejudice and enhancing theory of mind among Jews and Arabs in Israel},
  author={Ehud Bodner and Yoav S. Bergman},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  pages={36 - 48}
Ethnic groups use music to promote in-group favoritism and values, but also to enhance intergroup closeness and understanding. The current study examined whether national music, often used for emphasizing intergroup separateness, can also reduce prejudice and promote theory of mind among two groups in conflict, Jews and Arabs in Israel. More specifically, the study examined whether removing a national song from its conflictual context, and introducing it in a manner which emphasizes out-group… 
4 Citations

Tables from this paper

Music and cultural prejudice reduction: A review
Music is often believed to be a universal cultural language that may bring different people together, in harmony. In this article, we review studies that examined interrelations between music and
Psychometric properties of a scale of attitudes toward musical genres linked to social groups in Peru
The present research seeks to develop a scale that can measure attitudes toward different musical expressions representative of different social groups, such as the Andean and Afro-Peruvian groups.
The emotional impact of national music on young and older adults differing in posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms
These findings support the strength and vulnerability model, as they demonstrate that relative to young adults, older adults are generally more capable to withstand negative stimuli, yet are more sensitive to negative stimuli when they suffer from chronic vulnerability, as in the case of higher level of PTSD symptoms.
The effects of background music on tipping behavior in a restaurant: A field study
Previous research showed that focused listening to music has powerful effects on social behavior. In contrast, the impact of background music appears to depend on moderating factors. The present


Understanding the Role of Folk Songs in Jewish-Israeli Culture: Implications for Music Therapy
Since the earliest times in history , different cultures throughout the world have used songs as a healing force. To understand the role of Israeli folk songs in music therapy , we need to examine
On the Power of Music to Affect Intergroup Relations
In three experiments we examined whether songs that are widely used in times of crisis (crisis songs, CS) could resume their unifying effect when they are played off-context. In the first experiment,
What are your thoughts when the national anthem is playing? An empirical exploration
It is believed that when exposed to the national anthem of their native country, people react with feelings of pride and patriotism and that the anthem has the power to unite people around similar
Music as a weapon of ethnopolitical violence and conflict: processes of ethnic separation during and after the break-up of Yugoslavia
ABSTRACT Using illustrations from the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and their aftermath, Baker argues that understanding popular music and public discourses about it can help to understand the dynamics
The soundtrack of neo-fascism: youth and music in the National Front
ABSTRACT Shaffer examines youth involvement in the National Front and the development of neo-fascist music as a conduit for its ideas. Using rare publications and interviews with National Front
Employing music exposure to reduce prejudice and discrimination.
Those participants who had listened to songs with pro-integration lyrics expressed less prejudice and were less aggressive against and more helpful toward an outgroup member, suggesting that it is indeed the pro- integration content of the lyrics that drives the effects.
Voices of peace and the legacy of reconciliation: popular music, nationalism, and the quest for peace in the Middle East
This article explores political, cultural and musical issues surrounding the dispute between Palestinians and Israelis, particularly over Jerusalem, which each party uses to symbolise and promote
Cross-cultural ageism: ageism and attitudes toward aging among Jews and Arabs in Israel
The findings point that the cultural importance of elders for the Arab cohort transcends beyond Westernization processes which affect the Arab society in Israel, and reflect the demanding role of Arab women as primary caregivers for the elders in the family.
Music and Conflict Transformation in Bosnia: Constructing and Reconstructing the Normal
Can music play a role in positive conflict transformation? Having developed a theoretical basis from a previous examination of the contrasting musical conflict transformation projects of the
Emotional prejudice, essentialism, and nationalism - The 2002 Tajfel lecture
In explaining differences between groups, people ascribe the human essence to their ingroup and consider outgroups as less human. This phenomenon, called infra-humanization, occurs outside people's