The potential effectiveness of essential oils as a treatment for headlice, Pediculus humanus capitis.

  title={The potential effectiveness of essential oils as a treatment for headlice, Pediculus humanus capitis.},
  author={L. Ramon Veal},
  journal={Complementary therapies in nursing \& midwifery},
  volume={2 4},
  • L. Veal
  • Published 1996
  • Medicine
  • Complementary therapies in nursing & midwifery
Essential oils of aniseed, cinnamon leaf, red thyme, tea tree, peppermint, nutmeg, rosemary, and pine were tested in vitro against lice, Pediculus humanus. All the oils except for rosemary and pine were found to be effective in the laboratory when applied in an alcoholic solution and followed by a rinse the following morning in an essential oil/vinegar/water mixture. Peppermint and nutmeg were only used as a blend rather than as individual oils. Problems of solubility and toxicity are discussed… Expand
Peppermint oil is obtained from the leaves of the perennial herb, Mentha piperita L. and M. arvensis var. piperascens a member of the Labiatae family. This family includes many well-known essentialExpand
The potential effectiveness of essential oils in the control of human head lice in Morocco
Twenty-four essential oils isolated from Moroccan aromatic, plants and 15 of their isolated components were tested in vitro on Pediculus humanus capitis for licicidal and niticidal properties. Expand
The Medicinal Use of Essential Oils and Their Components for Treating Lice and Mite Infestations
The individual components of essential oils are being investigated in order to give a rational basis to discover which essential oils may prove to be the most effective all-round agents for killing headlice and their eggs, and treating scabies, and for eliminating house dust mites, a major cause of asthma. Expand
Lethality of essential oil constituents towards the human louse, Pediculus humanus, and its eggs.
A ranking was compiled for adult lice and partially for eggs, enabling structure-activity relationships to be assessed for lethality to both, and showed that, for activity in both life-cycle stages, different structural criteria were required. Expand
In vitro pediculicidal and ovicidal activity of an extract and oil from fruits of Melia azedarach L.
These results demonstrate the possibility of using Melia products for controlling head lice, which are difficult to control because of their resistance to the currently used anti-louse agents. Expand
Plant extracts and their components as potential control agents against human head lice
A concise compilation of the available information on anti-lice activity of plant extracts and plant-derived compounds is provided, which it is hoped may be of help for future developments in this area. Expand
Essential Oils as a Potential Treatment Option for Pediculosis.
The genera such as Aloysia, Cinnamomum, Eucalyptus, Eugenia, Lavandula, Melaleuca, Mentha, Myrcianthes, Origanum, Pimpinella, and Thymus appear to be more efficient against lice. Expand
Contact and fumigant toxicity of hexane flower bud extract of Syzygium aromaticum and its compounds against Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae)
The present study carried out the pediculocidal activity using the hexane flower bud extract of Syzygium aromaticum (Myrtaceae) against P. humanus capitis, indicating that the effect was more effective in the closed containers than in open ones, and natural products from plants are good candidates for safer control agents that may provide good anti-lice activity. Expand
Review: Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) As A New Material For Biocomposites
Melaleuca alternifolia or commonly known as tea tree is a tall shrub or small tree in the plant genus Melaleuca. It is popular for its oil, which is tea tree oil where it has been employed largely inExpand
Insecticidal Activity of Plant Essential Oils Against Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae)
The essential oils described herein merit further study as potential control agents for P. humanus capitis as a result of action in the vapor phase and neither δ-phenothrin nor pyrethrum exhibited fumigant toxicity. Expand


The Directory of Essential Oils
This is a practical directory of over 80 essential oils, covering many unusual oils as well as those that are in popular use. The oils are extensively categorised, with each entry offering valuableExpand
Biochemistry of Plant Phenolics
Recent advances in methodology for the isolation and purification of plant phenolic compounds and in the regulation of the prearomatic pathway are discussed. Expand
Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry
Hormonal interactions between plants and animals illustrate how sophisticated and complex biochemical interrelationships can become, and a chapter on higher-plant-higher-plant interactions makes it clear that secondary compounds of plants may be weapons of offence as well as defence. Expand
A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. 1925.
  • W. S. Abbott
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
  • 1987
In order to make experimental studies comparable and statistically meaningful, the article recommends the following formula: per cent control = 100(X - Y)/X, which eliminates errors due to deaths in the control sample which were not due to the insecticide. Expand
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Toxicology of Insecticides
The toxicology of insecticides is one book that the authors really recommend you to read, to get more solutions in solving this problem. Expand
The New Holistic Herbal
A device for controlling the termination of light emission by a flash device including means for detecting the light reflected from the subject being illuminated by the flash when the total amount of light received by the detecting means reaches a predetermined value. Expand
Activit6 d'extraits de Myrtus communis contre Pediculus humanus capitis
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  • 1989
Toxicology of insecticides (2nd edn)
  • 1985
The practice of aromatherapy
  • 1982