The possibility of predator avoidance by Lake Michigan zooplankton


Low densities of Diaptomus ashlandi, Diacyclops thomasi, and Daphnia galeata mendotae were measured at depths where Mysis relicta formed nighttime aggregations. Calculations suggest that mysid predation can not account for the rarity of prey animals at these depths, which further suggests that the prey avoided the mysids. Unlike D. galeata mendotae, Daphnia pulicaria was common in mysid aggregations. The somewhat larger size of D. pulicaria may reduce its vulnerability to mysid predation, and consequently may explain the vertical distribution differences between the two congeners. Vertical distributions of Limnocalanus macrurus and copepod nauplii showed no obvious relationships to the mysid distributions. These were the only two taxa with distributions that were correlated with chlorophyll a concentrations. All crustacean taxa were rare in the epilimnion at night when sonar recorded a dense fish school.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00007576

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@article{Schulze2004ThePO, title={The possibility of predator avoidance by Lake Michigan zooplankton}, author={Peter Schulze and Arthur S. Brooks}, journal={Hydrobiologia}, year={2004}, volume={146}, pages={47-55} }