The positive and negative consequences of multiple-choice testing.

  title={The positive and negative consequences of multiple-choice testing.},
  author={Henry L. Roediger and Elizabeth J. Marsh},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={31 5},
  • H. RoedigerE. Marsh
  • Published 1 September 2005
  • Education
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Multiple-choice tests are commonly used in educational settings but with unknown effects on students' knowledge. The authors examined the consequences of taking a multiple-choice test on a later general knowledge test in which students were warned not to guess. A large positive testing effect was obtained: Prior testing of facts aided final cued-recall performance. However, prior testing also had negative consequences. Prior reading of a greater number of multiple-choice lures decreased the… 

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