The positions of lanthanum (actinium) and lutetium (lawrencium) in the periodic table: an update

@article{Jensen2015ThePO,
  title={The positions of lanthanum (actinium) and lutetium (lawrencium) in the periodic table: an update},
  author={William B. Jensen},
  journal={Foundations of Chemistry},
  year={2015},
  volume={17},
  pages={23-31}
}
  • W. Jensen
  • Published 21 March 2015
  • History
  • Foundations of Chemistry
This article updates the author’s 1982 argument that lutetium and lawrencium, rather than lanthanum and actinium, should be assigned to the d-block as the heavier analogs of scandium and yttrium, whereas lanthanum and actinium should be considered as the first members of the f-block with irregular configurations. This update is embedded within a detailed analysis of Lavelle’s abortive 2008 attempt to discredit this suggestion. 
Some Comments on the Position of Lawrencium in the Periodic Table
2015 issue of the journal Nature has reported an apparently successful experimental measurement of the first ionization energy of the short-lived radioactive element lawrencium (Lr) (1). First
First ionization potential of the heaviest actinide lawrencium, element 103
The first ionization potential (IP1 ) of element 103, lawrencium (Lr), has been successfully determined for the first time by using a newly developed method based on a surface ionization process. The
Is the chemistry of lawrencium peculiar?
It is explicitly verified that the atomic 7p(1) ground-state configuration of Lr originates from relativistic effects. Without relativity one has 6d(1). All three ionization potentials IP1-3 of Lr
Chemistry of the elements at the end of the actinide series using their low-energy ion-beams
Abstract Studies of the chemical properties of the elements at the uppermost end of the Periodic Table are extremely challenging both experimentally and theoretically. One of the most important and
Nuclear and chemical characterization of heavy actinides
  • Y. Nagame
  • Chemistry, Physics
    Radiochimica Acta
  • 2019
Abstract Recent progress in the production of heavy nuclei far from stability and in the studies of nuclear and chemical properties of heavy actinides is briefly reviewed. Exotic nuclear decay
First Ionization Potentials of Fm, Md, No, and Lr: Verification of Filling-Up of 5f Electrons and Confirmation of the Actinide Series.
TLDR
These results clearly demonstrate that the 5f orbital is fully filled at No with the [Rn]5f147s2 configuration and that Lr has a weakly bound electron outside the No core, and unequivocally verify that the actinide series ends with Lr.
Transuranic Computational Chemistry.
TLDR
Throughout, the symbiotic interplay of experimental and computational studies is emphasized; the extraordinary challenges of experimental transuranic chemistry afford computational chemistry a particularly valuable role at the frontier of the periodic table.
On the membership of group 3 of the periodic table: A new approach
In April 2015, an international team of researchers announced the measurement, for the first time, of the first ionization energy of lawrencium, a superheavy element of atomic number 103. The
Structural Characteristics, Population Analysis, and Binding Energies of [An(NO3)]2+ (with An = Ac to Lr)
TLDR
A systematic analysis of differences observed in the prediction of structural characteristics, electron withdrawing effects, and binding energies of [An(NO3)]2+ (with An = Ac to Lr) in gas and aqueous phases is reported, finding that population analysis obtained with Mulliken and Löwdin reflect a large dependence on the level of theory of choice, whereas those obtained with natural bond orbital show larger consistency across methodologies.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES
The positions of lanthanum (actinium) and lutetium (lawrencium) in the periodic table
The debate as to whether lanthanum and actinium or lutetium and lawrencium should be placed in group IIIB of the periodic table along with scandium and yttrium has along but poorly publicized history.
Lanthanum (La) and Actinium (Ac) Should Remain in the d-block
This paper discusses the reasons and implications of placing lanthanum (La) and actinium (Ac) in the f-block and lutetium (Lu) and lawrencium (Lr) in the d-block. The author's conclusion is that
Fermium, Mendelevium, Nobelium, and Lawrencium
Because of conflicting claims, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) recently reviewed the names of all the trans-fermium elements; Muunzenberg (1999) has published a detailed
Energies of the Electronic Configurations of the Lanthanide and Actinide Neutral Atoms
The thermodynamic data for the lanthanide and actinide metals have been combined with spectroscopic data to develop a method of estimating the energies of the electronic configurations of the neutral
The Loose Connection between Electron Configuration and the Chemical Behavior of the Heavy Elements (Transuranics)
There is no straightforward relation between the ground electron configuration of the neutral atom and the chemistry of a given element. In particular, the choice of oxidation state depends on the
First principle study of AlX (X=3d, 4d, 5d elements and Lu) dimer.
TLDR
The present calculations show that the late transition metal can combine strongly with aluminum compared with the former transition metal and that the bonding strengths of zinc, cadmium, and mercury with aluminum are very weak.
The low-lying level structure of atomic lawrencium (Z = 103): energies and absorption rates
Abstract.The low-lying level structure of atomic lawrencium has been calculated by using medium- to large-scale multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock wave functions. From these computations, an overview on
Response to "The Flyleaf Periodic Table"
Clark and White wonder why the chemistry education community has not uniformly adopted just one form of the periodic table. Part of the answer is that the majority who are silent on this issue do not
The Periodic Table: Facts or Committees?
I would like to offer two observations relative to the recent letter of Clark and White on the representation of the f-block elements in the periodic table that relate to some disturbing trends in
...
...