The population history of northeastern Siberia since the Pleistocene

@article{Sikora2019ThePH,
  title={The population history of northeastern Siberia since the Pleistocene},
  author={Martin Sikora and Vladimir V. Pitulko and Vitor C. Sousa and Morten E. Allentoft and Lasse Vinner and Simon Rasmussen and Ashot Margaryan and Peter de Barros Damgaard and Constanza de la Fuente and Gabriel Renaud and Melinda A. Yang and Qiaomei Fu and Isabelle Dupanloup and Konstantinos Giampoudakis and David Nogues‐Bravo and Carsten Rahbek and Guus J Kroonen and Micha{\"e}l Peyrot and Hugh McColl and Sergey V. Vasilyev and Elizaveta V. Veselovskaya and Margarita Gerasimova and Elena Yu Pavlova and Vyacheslav G. Chasnyk and Pavel A. Nikolskiy and Andrei V. Gromov and Valeriy I. Khartanovich and Vyacheslav Moiseyev and Pavel S. Grebenyuk and Alexander Yu. Fedorchenko and Alexander I. Lebedintsev and Sergey B. Slobodin and Boris Malyarchuk and Rui Martiniano and Morten Meldgaard and Laura Arppe and Jukka Palo and Tarja Sundell and Kristiina Mannermaa and Mikko Putkonen and Verner Alexandersen and Charlotte Primeau and Nurbol Baimukhanov and Ripan Singh Malhi and Karl-G{\"o}ran Sj{\"o}gren and Kristian Kristiansen and Anna Wessman and Antti Sajantila and Marta Miraz{\'o}n Lahr and Richard Durbin and Rasmus Nielsen and David J. Meltzer and Laurent Excoffier and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2019},
  volume={570},
  pages={182-188}
}
Northeastern Siberia has been inhabited by humans for more than 40,000 years but its deep population history remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the late Pleistocene population history of northeastern Siberia through analyses of 34 newly recovered ancient genomes that date to between 31,000 and 600 years ago. We document complex population dynamics during this period, including at least three major migration events: an initial peopling by a previously unknown Palaeolithic population… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry
TLDR
Genome-wide data from three individuals dated to between 45,930 and 42,580 years ago from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria are presented, confirming that the first European modern humans mixed with Neanderthals and suggesting that such mixing could have been common. Expand
Peopling of the Americas as inferred from ancient genomics.
TLDR
All ancient individuals in the Americas, save for later-arriving Arctic peoples, are more closely related to contemporary Indigenous American individuals than to any other population elsewhere, which challenges the claim-which is based on anatomical evidence-that there was an early, non-Native American population in the Americans. Expand
Genome of a middle Holocene hunter-gatherer from Wallacea
TLDR
The first ancient human genome from Wallacea, the oceanic island zone between the Sunda Shelf (comprising mainland southeast Asia and the continental islands of western Indonesia) and Pleistocene Sahul (Australia–New Guinea) is reported. Expand
Genomic insights into population history and biological adaptation in Oceania.
TLDR
The authors' analyses reveal marked differences in the proportion and nature of Denisovan heritage among Pacific groups, suggesting that independent interbreeding with highly structured archaic populations occurred and that introgression of Neanderthal genetic information facilitated the adaptation of modern humans related to multiple phenotypes. Expand
Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia
TLDR
The most northeastern ancient occurrence of the plague-related bacterium, Yersinia pestis, is reported, indicating the highly connected and dynamic nature of northeast Asia populations throughout the Holocene. Expand
Denisovan ancestry and population history of early East Asians
TLDR
It is shown that this individual was a female member of a modern human population that, following the split between East and West Eurasians, experienced substantial gene flow from West Eurasia, and both she and a 40,000-year-old individual from Tianyuan outside Beijing carried genomic segments of Denisovan ancestry. Expand
A dynamic 6,000-year genetic history of Eurasia’s Eastern Steppe
TLDR
The Eastern Eurasian Steppe’s dynamic genetic history is revealed by analyzing new genome-wide data for 214 ancient individuals spanning 6,000 years, illuminating the complex interplay between genetic, sociopolitical, and cultural changes on the Eastern Steppe. Expand
Human population history at the crossroads of East and Southeast Asia since 11,000 years ago
TLDR
A deeply diverged East Asian ancestry in the Guangxi region that persisted until at least 6,000 years ago is discovered, and heavy interactions among three distinct ancestries at the crossroads of East and Southeast Asia are shown. Expand
Ancient genomic time transect from the Central Asian Steppe unravels the history of the Scythians
TLDR
Genome-wide data for 111 ancient individuals retrieved from 39 archaeological sites from the first millennia BCE and CE across the Central Asian Steppe uncovered major admixture events in the Late Bronze Age forming the genetic substratum for two main Iron Age gene- pools emerging around the Altai and the Urals respectively. Expand
Peopling of Tibet Plateau and multiple waves of admixture of Tibetans inferred from both modern and ancient genome-wide data
TLDR
Closer genetic connection between ancient-modern highland Tibetans and lowland island/coastal Neolithic northern East Asians was identified, reflecting the main ancestry of high-altitude Tibeto-Burman speakers originated from the ancestors of Houli/Yangshao/Longshan ancients in the middle and lower Yellow River basin, consistent with the common North-China origin of Sino-Tibetan language and dispersal pattern of millet farmers. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES
Terminal Pleistocene Alaskan genome reveals first founding population of Native Americans
TLDR
The results suggest that the far-northern North American presence of northern Native Americans is from a back migration that replaced or absorbed the initial founding population of Ancient Beringians, and support a long-term genetic structure in ancestral Native Americans, consistent with the Beringian ‘standstill model’. Expand
Reconstructing genetic history of Siberian and Northeastern European populations.
TLDR
It is found that Siberian and East Asian populations shared 38% of their ancestry with a 45,000-yr-old Ust'-Ishim individual who was previously believed to have no modern-day descendants. Expand
Paleo-Eskimo genetic legacy across North America
TLDR
It is shown that Paleo-Eskimo ancestry is widespread among populations who speak Na-Dene and Eskimo-Aleut languages, and a comprehensive model for the complex peopling of North America is presented. Expand
Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans
TLDR
The findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans. Expand
The genetic prehistory of the New World Arctic
TLDR
The long-term genetic continuity of the Paleo-Eskimos gene pool and lack of evidence of Native American admixture suggest that the Saqqaq and Dorset people were largely living in genetic isolation after entering the New World. Expand
Beringia and the global dispersal of modern humans
TLDR
The settlement of Beringia now appears to have been part of modern human dispersal in northern Eurasia, and developments suggest that the settlement of the Americas may be integrated with the global dispersal of modern humans. Expand
Upper Palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern Eurasians
TLDR
It is found that Caucasus hunter-gatherers (CHG) belong to a distinct ancient clade that split from western hunter- Gatherers ∼45 kya, shortly after the expansion of anatomically modern humans into Europe and from the ancestors of Neolithic farmers ∼25 KYa, around the Last Glacial Maximum. Expand
The Complex Admixture History and Recent Southern Origins of Siberian Populations
TLDR
Geogenetic maps are analyzed and other approaches are used to distinguish the effects of shared ancestry from prehistoric migrations and contact, and a new method based on the covariance of ancestry components is developed, to investigate the potentially complex admixture history of Siberian populations. Expand
Early human dispersals within the Americas
TLDR
Analysis of the oldest genomes suggests that there was an early split within Beringian populations, giving rise to the Northern and Southern lineages, and that the early population spread widely and rapidly suggests that their access to large portions of the hemisphere was essentially unrestricted, yet there are genomic and archaeological hints of an earlier human presence. Expand
Revising the archaeological record of the Upper Pleistocene Arctic Siberia: Human dispersal and adaptations in MIS 3 and 2
Abstract As the main external driver, environmental changes largely predetermine human population distribution, especially in the Arctic, where environmental conditions were often too extreme forExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...