The politics of genetic technoscience for conservation: The case of blight-resistant American chestnut

  title={The politics of genetic technoscience for conservation: The case of blight-resistant American chestnut},
  author={Jessica Cavin Barnes and Jason A. Delborne},
Innovations in genetics and genomics have been heavily critiqued as technologies that have widely supported the privatization and commodification of natural resources. However, emerging applications of these tools to ecological restoration challenge narratives that cast genetic technoscience as inevitably enrolled in the enactment and extension of neoliberal capitalism. In this paper, we draw on Langdon Winner’s theory of technological politics to suggest that the context in which genetic… 
In Vitro Technology in Plant Conservation: Relevance to Biocultural Diversity
It is concluded that in vitro technologies can be powerful tools in biocultural conservation if they are deployed in a manner respectful of the socio-cultural context in which plants play a role, but that further research is needed in this regard.


Biodiversity, Purity, and Death: Conservation Biology as Biopolitics
This paper draws on the Foucauldian notion of biopower to renarrate the development of conservation science in the US as a form of liberal biopolitical rule. With its emphasis on making nature live,
The Socionatural Engineering of Reductionist Metaphors: A Political Ecology of Synthetic Biology
It is argued that synthetic technologies are producing standardized organisms and molecular parts that are extremely conducive to commodification and asserted that the sociotechnical strategies employed by synthetic biologists to find and create useful genetic material intentionally avoid ambiguities in gene-ownership regimes as they are currently constituted.
Conservation, biopolitics, and the governance of life and death
The politics of environmental conservation has long been a key concern for human and environmental geographers. Recently, geographers have begun to employ Foucauldian insights on biopower and
A conceptual framework for restoration of threatened plants: the effective model of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) reintroduction.
A conceptual framework for restoration of threatened plant species that encourages integration of technological, ecological, and social spheres is proposed and identifies a critical need for a deeper understanding of societal influences that may affect setting and achieving realistic restoration goals.
Rescue of American chestnut with extraspecific genes following its destruction by a naturalized pathogen
Progress is summarized and future steps in two approaches are outlined: a system of hybridizing with a blight-resistant chestnut species and then backcrossing repeatedly to recover the American type and transformation of American chestnut with a resistance-conferring transgene followed by propagation and conventional breeding.
Radiation and Restoration; or, How Best to Make a Blight-Resistant Chestnut Tree
  • H. Curry
  • Biology
    Environmental History
  • 2014
The history of an unusual approach taken to restoring the American chestnut to its native range between 1955 and 1980 is charted, highlighting more broadly the challenges that emerge when saving a species requires significant human intervention and especially genetic manipulation.
The Genetic Commons: Resisting the Neo-liberal Enclosure of Life
The notion of a 'genetic commons' is a broad-based, mnlti-faceted response to a particular constellation of technological, cultural, economic, political, ethical, and legal developments of the past