The point of a monument: A history of the aluminum cap of the Washington Monument

  title={The point of a monument: A history of the aluminum cap of the Washington Monument},
  author={George J. Binczewski},
In the history of materials and human events it sometimes happens, however rarely, that a particular time and a consequent circumstance merge to create the opportunity for a happenstance event; subsequently, the event is accorded monumental status within its sphere of application. Such was the case of the small but very expensive aluminum pyramid that was set atop the Washington Monument on its completion in 1884 to serve the functional purpose of a lightning rod. In retrospect, this can be… 


The factors that determine priority in inventions are illustrated in the development of a commercially acceptable process for preparation of aluminum in 1886 when it was achieved by two young (age

Local buckling of aluminium beams in fire conditions

• A submitted manuscript is the version of the article upon submission and before peer-review. There can be important differences between the submitted version and the official published version of

Aluminum: History, Technology, and Conservation

The current volume brings together papers presented at the 2014 “Aluminum: History, Technology and Conservation” conference held at the Smithsonian Institution’s American Art Museum; the conference

The Art and Science of Lightning Protection

  • M. Uman
  • Physics, Environmental Science
  • 2008
Preface 1. What is lightning? 2. Lightning damage 3. General methods for lightning protection: Faraday cages, topological shields and more practical approaches: cone of protection and rolling sphere

Robotic Asteroid Prospector

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Science, magic and Ancient Egypt in late Victorian and Edwardian literature

This thesis investigates the ways in which science and magic were brought together in fiction of the fin de siecle concerning ancient Egypt, in the works of popular including Bram Stoker, H. Rider

Preliminary investigation into the cause of pinhole porosity in aluminum metal castings from serpentine impurities in olivine sand

The problem addressed in this study is how contaminates in the foundry molding aggregate olivine, affect aluminum castings during the casting process. This research will concentrate on hydrated

A new non-electrolytic aluminum extraction method

Economic Impact of the Personal Nanofactory

© 2006 Robert A. Freitas Jr Is the advent of, and mass availability of, desktop personal nanofactories (PNs) likely to cause deflation (a persistent decline in the general prices of goods and

Formation of Al-Ti-B Phases for Grain Refinement of Al Alloys Produced by High Energy Ball Milling

In this experimental study, Al-Ti-B powders were ground in planetary ball mill to produce AlxTiyBz where x, y and z stands for the relative molar ratios of elements for the compilation of grain



The aluminum industry