The pleistocene glaciation of Tibet and the onset of ice ages — An autocycle hypothesis

  title={The pleistocene glaciation of Tibet and the onset of ice ages — An autocycle hypothesis},
  author={M. Kuhle},
During seven expeditions new data were obtained on the maximum extent of glaciation in Tibet and the surrounding mountains. Evidence was found of moraines at altitudes as low as 980 m on the S flank of the Himalayas and 2300 m on the N slope of the Tibetan Plateau, in the Qilian Shan. On the N slopes of the Karakoram, Aghil and Kuen Lun moraines occur as far down as 1900 m. In S Tibet radiographic analyses of erratics document former ice thicknesses of at least 1200 m. Glacial polishing and… Expand
Glacial geomorphology and ice ages in Tibet and the surrounding mountains
Since 1973 new data have been obtained on the maximum extent of glaciation in High Asia. Evidence for an ice sheet covering Tibet during the last glacial period means a radical rethinking aboutExpand
Reconstruction of an approximately complete Quaternary Tibetan inland glaciation between the Mt. Everest- and Cho Oyu Massifs and the Aksai Chin. A new glaciogeomorphological SE–NW diagonal profile through Tibet and its consequences for the glacial isostasy and Ice Age cycle
Studies were done on new geomorphological and quaternary-geological profiles through representative reliefs of Tibet from the Central Himalaya as far as the Kuenlun. Thus, further detailedExpand
On the problem of Quaternary glaciations, and the extent and patterns of Pleistocene ice cover in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau
Abstract Data accumulated during investigations since the 1960s indicate that up to four Pleistocene glaciations can be recognized in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau and the adjacent HimalayaExpand
New Findings concerning the Ice Age (Last Glacial Maximum) Glacier Cover of the East-Pamir, of the Nanga Parbat up to the Central Himalaya and of Tibet, as well as the Age of the Tibetan Inland Ice
The results presented on the glacio-geomorphological reconstruction of a maximum Ice Age (LGM = Last Glacial Maximum) glaciation in High-Asia concern five test-areas in and around Tibet (Figure 1,Expand
The pleistocene glaciation in the Karakoram-mountains: Reconstruction of past glacier extensions and ice thicknesses
Geomorphological and Quaternarygeological field- and laboratory data (Fig.1) are introduced and interpreted with regard to the maximum Ice Age (LGM) glaciation of the Central-and South Karakoram inExpand
Equilibrium-line altitudes of Late Quaternary glaciers in the Oshtorankuh Mountain, Iran
Valleys in the north flank of Oshtorankuh (central Zagros Mountain Range, IRAN) are presently ice-free except few relict firn basins but they were glaciated during the Late Quaternary. TheExpand
Glacial isostatic uplift of Tibet as a consequence of a former ice sheet
From 1973 onwards there has been no agreement between the reconstructed valley and piedmont glaciations of the semi-arid mountains of Asia (Kuhle 1974, 1977) and the very slight glaciationsExpand
Present and Pleistocene glaciation on the north-western margin of Tibet between the Karakorum main ridge and the Tarim Basin, supporting the evidence of a Pleistocene inland glaciation in Tibet
The author has been engaged in the reconstruction of the maximum extent of the Pleistocene glaciation in Asia since 1972, leading research expeditions to Tibet and to its surrounding mountain rangesExpand
Late pleistocene, Late-glacial and Holocene glacier advances on the Tibetan Plateau
Abstract Many end-moraine sequences in various mountain areas of the Tibetan Plateau have already been investigated in detail, but a homogeneous chronostratigraphy is still lacking. The ice-marginalExpand
Quaternary glaciations of the Rongbuk Valley, Tibet
Randomisation tests on boulder weathering data distinguish moraines of four different ages in the Rongbuk Valley, all deposited by valley glaciers flowing northward into Tibet from the Himalaya.Expand


Quaternary Glacial Record in Swat Kohistan, West Pakistan
During three Pleistocene glaciations, large valley glaciers originating at altitudes of 12,000 ft or more occupied the northern part of the Swat River drainage basin and terminated at altitudes asExpand
Quaternary Climatic Changes within the Tarim Basin
URING the autumn and winter of I930, acting under the instructions of Dr. Sven Hedin,1 the writer was engaged in a preliminary reconnaissance in the foothills of the Kunlun. The object of the surveyExpand
Tektonik und Magmatismus im NW-Karakorum
SummaryThe geological exploration of the NW-Karakoram, carried out by the author during the ‘German-Austrian Himalaya-Karakoram Expedition’ in 1954, allows an insight into the complicated developmentExpand
Glacial and Quaternary geology
The North America landscape north of about 40°N was extensively glaciated during the last Ice Age, which ended about 14,000 years ago. Thus, much of the landscapes that we see around us was createdExpand
Faulting, fracturing, and seismicity as functions of glacio-isostasy in Fennoscandia
Recent studies in Fennoscandia have shown that the time at which the maximum rate of glacio-isostatic uplift occurs (usually about the time of deglaciation) is associated with intense faulting andExpand
Klimageomorphologische Untersuchungen in der Dhaulagiri- und Annapurna-Gruppe (Zentraler Himalaya)
  • Tagungsber. u. wiss. Abh. 42. Dt. Geographentag
  • 1979
High magnitude geomorphic processes and Quaternary chronology, Indus Valley and Nanga Parbat, Pakistan
  • Zeitschr. f. Geomorph. Suppl. Bd. Leicester Symposium, March 21 s t -23 rd. 1988 on "The Neogene of the Karakoram and Himalayas."
  • 1988
Simula - tion of the January Climate 18 1300 YBP . Report MPG - Inst . f
  • Reports on the North - eastern Part of the Qinghai - Xizang ( Tibet ) Plateau by the Sino - W . German Scientific Expedition
  • 1987