The plaza and the pendulum: two concepts of ecological science

@article{Sagoff2003ThePA,
  title={The plaza and the pendulum: two concepts of ecological science},
  author={M. Sagoff},
  journal={Biology and Philosophy},
  year={2003},
  volume={18},
  pages={529-552}
}
  • M. Sagoff
  • Published 2003
  • Biology
  • Biology and Philosophy
This essay explores two strategies of inquiryin ecological science. Ecologists may regardthe sites they study either as contingentcollections of plants and animals, therelations of which are place-specific andidiosyncratic, or as structured systems andcommunites that are governed by general rules,forces, or principles. Ecologists who take thefirst approach rely on observation, induction,and experiment – a case-study or historicalmethod – to determine the causes of particularevents. Ecologists… Expand
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