The physiologic basis and clinical applications of cryotherapy and thermotherapy for the pain practitioner.

@article{Nadler2004ThePB,
  title={The physiologic basis and clinical applications of cryotherapy and thermotherapy for the pain practitioner.},
  author={Scott F Nadler and Kurt W. Weingand and Roger J Kruse},
  journal={Pain physician},
  year={2004},
  volume={7 3},
  pages={395-9}
}
Cryotherapy and thermotherapy are useful adjuncts for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. Clinicians treating these conditions should be aware of current research findings regarding these modalities, because their choice of modality may affect the ultimate outcome of the patient being treated. Through a better understanding of these modalities, clinicians can optimize their present treatment strategies. Although cold and hot treatment modalities both decrease pain and muscle spasm, they… CONTINUE READING
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