The physics of gamma-ray bursts

@article{Piran2005ThePO,
  title={The physics of gamma-ray bursts},
  author={Tsvi Piran},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
  year={2005},
  volume={76},
  pages={1143-1210}
}
  • T. Piran
  • Published 25 May 2004
  • Physics
  • Reviews of Modern Physics
Gamma-ray bursts (GRB's), short and intense pulses of low-energy $\ensuremath{\gamma}$ rays, have fascinated astronomers and astrophysicists since their unexpected discovery in the late sixties. During the last decade, several space missions\char22{}BATSE (Burst and Transient Source Experiment) on the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, BeppoSAX and now HETE II (High-Energy Transient Explorer)\char22{}together with ground-based optical, infrared, and radio observatories have revolutionized our… 
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In the last thirty years, gamma-ray bursts have grown from an oddity to a central position in astrophysics. Not only are they the largest explosions since the big bang, capable of flooding most of
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Sari & Piran have demonstrated that the time structure of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) must reflect the time structure of their energy release. A model that satisfies this condition uses the
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Important insight into the nature of γ-ray bursts (GRBs) has been gained in recent months mainly due to the immediate, precise localization of the bursts and the discovery of relatively long-lived
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With the discovery of low-energy radiation appearing to come from the site of gamma-ray bursts in the hours to weeks after the initial burst of gamma rays, it would appear that astronomers have seen
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ABSTRACT /7: Gamma-ray burst statistics are best explained by a source population at cosmological distances, while spec-troscopy and intensity histories of some individual bursts imply an origin on
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