The physics of broadcast spawning in benthic invertebrates.

  title={The physics of broadcast spawning in benthic invertebrates.},
  author={John P. Crimaldi and Richard K. Zimmer},
  journal={Annual review of marine science},
Most benthic invertebrates broadcast their gametes into the sea, whereupon successful fertilization relies on the complex interaction between the physics of the surrounding fluid flow and the biological properties and behavior of eggs and sperm. We present a holistic overview of the impact of instantaneous flow processes on fertilization across a range of scales. At large scales, transport and stirring by the flow control the distribution of gametes. Although mean dilution of gametes by… CONTINUE READING
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