The physical limits of communication or Why any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from noise

  title={The physical limits of communication or Why any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from noise},
  author={Michael Lachmann and Mark E. J. Newman and Cristopher Moore},
  journal={American Journal of Physics},
It has been well known since the pioneering work of Claude Shannon in the 1940s that a message transmitted with optimal efficiency over a channel of limited bandwidth is indistinguishable from random noise to a receiver who is unfamiliar with the language in which the message is written. We derive some similar results about electromagnetic transmissions. In particular, we show that if electromagnetic radiation is used as a transmission medium, the most information-efficient format for a given… 

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