The physical basis of transparency in biological tissue: ultrastructure and the minimization of light scattering

@article{Johnsen1999ThePB,
  title={The physical basis of transparency in biological tissue: ultrastructure and the minimization of light scattering},
  author={Johnsen and Widder},
  journal={Journal of theoretical biology},
  year={1999},
  volume={199 2},
  pages={181-98}
}
In the open ocean, many animals are highly transparent, some achieving near invisibility. However, little is known about how this transparency is attained. The effects of cellular ultrastructure on tissue transparency were mathematically modeled. Given a specific constant volume or surface area of a higher refractive index material (e.g. protein, lipid, etc.), within a lower refractive index cytoplasm or other matrix, the model calculates the total amount of light scattered as a function of how… CONTINUE READING