The phylogenetic definition of reptilia.

@article{Modesto2004ThePD,
  title={The phylogenetic definition of reptilia.},
  author={Sean P. Modesto and Jason S. Anderson},
  journal={Systematic biology},
  year={2004},
  volume={53 5},
  pages={
          815-21
        }
}
Naming taxa is an important endeavor in the documentation of life by systematists, whether it is conducted in the context of traditional rank-based classification or within a phylogenetic framework. Proponents of the phylogenetic approach distinguish between the diagnosis of a group and its definition (Ghiselin, 1984; Rowe, 1987, 1988), and this distinction forms the basis for a phylogenetically based method of naming taxa formerly referred to as Phylogenetic Taxonomy (de Queiroz and Gauthier… Expand
Are the linnean and phylogenetic nomenclatural systems combinable? Recommendations for biological nomenclature.
TLDR
It is seen as essential that species binomen, including the formal rank of genus, are retained, and species should continue to be linked to type specimens and the use of other formal ranks should be minimized. Expand
Assembling the history of the Parareptilia: phylogeny, diversification, and a new definition of the clade
TLDR
The results show that a significant increase in diversification rate could be recorded only among Triassic procolophonoids, making it difficult to interpret evolutionary novelties such as herbivory or impedance-matching hearing as being key innovations that might have driven diversification. Expand
To name or not to name: Criteria to promote economy of change in Linnaean classification schemes.
TLDR
It is concluded that not all TNCs lead to equally informative and stable taxonomies and provides a workflow scheme to guide the procedure of taxonomic decisions concerning the creation or modification of supraspecific classifications. Expand
Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica
The last species list of the European herpetofauna was published by Speybroeck, Beukema and Crochet (2010). In the meantime, ongoing research led to numerous taxonomic changes, including theExpand
Response: A Reassessment of the Taxonomic Position of Mesosaurs, and a Surprising Phylogeny of Early Amniotes
The early amniote clade Mesosauridae has long been of interest to scientists, primarily due to the members of the clade being the oldest secondarily aquatic tetrapods and their role as a line ofExpand
Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica
TLDR
According to the list, 301 species (95 amphibians, 15 chelonians, including six species of sea turtles, and 191 squamates) occur within the expanded geographical definition of Europe, which includes 14 non-native species. Expand
Revised anatomy, taxonomy and biostratigraphy of Notochampsa istedana Broom, 1904, a Lower Jurassic crocodyliform from the Clarens Formation (Stormberg Group), and its implications for early crocodyliform phylogeny
The early-branching crocodylomorph species Notochampsa istedana is known from a single South African specimen collected more than 100 years ago. This species is potentially important forExpand
The PhyloCode: a critical discussion of its theoretical foundation
TLDR
It is shown that the thesis of “rigid designation” if deployed in taxonomy introduces a new essentialism into systematics, which is exactly what the PhyloCode was designed to avoid. Expand
CRANIAL ANATOMY AND PHYLOGENETIC AFFINITIES OF THE
The Parareptilia, the sister group to the Eureptilia, is poorly known, with many taxa in need of adequate description. One such taxon, Macroleter poezicus is found in Middle Permian strata of theExpand
Stop the Abuse of Time! Strict Temporal Banding is not the Future of Rank-Based Classifications in Fungi (Including Lichens) and Other Organisms
  • R. Lücking
  • Geography
  • Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences
  • 2019
Abstract Classification is the most important approach to cataloging biological diversity. It serves as a principal means of communication between scientific disciplines, as well as betweenExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 107 REFERENCES
Meaning of the name tetrapoda in the scientific literature: an exchange.
TLDR
This exchange stems from an on-going debate between advocates of crown clade and apomorphybased definitions of widely used taxon names, and aims at clarifying the respective advantages of both types of definitions. Expand
PHYLOGENETIC NOMENCLATURE AND PALEONTOLOGY
TLDR
Why phylogenetic nomenclature is a good thing for paleontology and ways in which the community can make the transition from typological to evolutionary systems while minimizing confusion are suggested. Expand
Species names in phylogenetic nomenclature.
TLDR
Here, 13 methods for naming species in the context of phylogenetic nomenclature are contrasted with each other and with Linnaean binomials and a fundamental dichotomy among the proposed methods distinguishes those that retain the entire binomial of a preexisting species name fromThose that retain only the specific epithet. Expand
A review of criticisms of phylogenetic nomenclature: is taxonomic freedom the fundamental issue?
TLDR
It is argued that the form of taxonomic freedom inherent in phylogenetic nomenclature is appropriate to phylogenetic taxonomy, in which taxa are considered historical entities that are discovered through phylogenetic analysis and are not human constructs. Expand
Stems, nodes, crown clades, and rank‐free lists: is Linnaeus dead?
  • M. Benton
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2000
TLDR
The tenets of phylogenetic nomenclature have gained strong support among some vocal theoreticians, and rigid principles for legislative control of clade names and definitions have been outlined in the PhyloCode. Expand
Definition and Diagnosis in the Phylogenetic System
TLDR
If taxa are viewed as individuals in the phylogenetic system, Ghiselin (1984) quite rightly pointed out that they may not possess defining characters because characters may transform without affecting the individuality of the taxon. Expand
Phylogeny as a Central Principle in Taxonomy: Phylogenetic Definitions of Taxon Names
Defining the names of taxa in terms of common ancestry, that is, using phylogenetic definitions of taxon names, departs from a tradition of character-based definitions by granting the concept ofExpand
AMNIOTE PHYLOGENY AND THE IMPORTANCE OF FOSSILS
TLDR
The importance of the critical fossils seems to reside in their relative primitive‐ness, and the simplest explanation for their more conservative nature is that they have had less time to evolve. Expand
Definitions in phylogenetic taxonomy: critique and rationale.
  • P. Sereno
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Systematic biology
  • 1999
A general rationale for the formulation and placement of taxonomic definitions in phylogenetic taxonomy is proposed, and commonly used terms such as "crown taxon" or "node-based definition" are moreExpand
Feathered Dinosaurs, Flying Dinosaurs, Crown Dinosaurs and the Names "Aves"
TLDR
This work proposes a taxonomy that resolves current nomenclatural ambiguity by using a different name for each of the clades that everyone wants to talk about—namely, those composed of bird-line archosaurs, the feathered dinosaurs, the flying dinosaurs, and the crown dinosaurs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...