The phonetic status of the (inter)dental approximant

  title={The phonetic status of the (inter)dental approximant},
  author={Kenneth S. Olson and Jeff Mielke and Josephine Sanicas-Daguman and Carol Jean Pebley and Hugh Paterson},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  pages={199 - 215}
The (inter)dental approximant is a little-studied speech sound in the Philippines and Western Australia. In this paper, we document the articulation of the sound, providing acoustic and video data from Kagayanen and Limos Kalinga, respectively. The sound is attested in at least fifteen languages. It is contrastive in five Western Australian languages, while in the Philippines it generally patterns as an allophone of /l/ but has emerged recently as a separate phoneme due to contact. It arose… 

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Phonetic Symbol Guide

This edition incorporates the major revisions to the International Phonetic Alphabet made in 1989 and 1993 and should be a useful guide for students and professionals in linguistics, phonetics, anthropology, philology, modern language study and speech science.


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Phonetic rarities in Pirahã

  • D. Everett
  • Linguistics
    Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • 1982
Pirahã is interesting from both a phonetic and a phonological perspective. While possessing an apparently simple phonemic inventory (consisting of eight consonants, three vowels and two tones) it

Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet

resonance superimposed on both the usual of the is addition, the articulation and voicing of voiced consonants. be out, to or and, together specific prosodic most characteristic distinguishing