The phenomenon of pain and critical care nursing.

Abstract

Pain is a multidimensional, complex experience. Critically ill patients are particularly vulnerable to pain. Patients in a critical care environment often have difficulty communicating their pain, and their pain may be aggravated by fear and anxiety. Indeed, their response to pain may compromise recovery. Although the significance of pain has been cited in… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Puntillo1988ThePO, title={The phenomenon of pain and critical care nursing.}, author={Kathleen Puntillo}, journal={Heart & lung : the journal of critical care}, year={1988}, volume={17 3}, pages={262-73} }