The percolation phase transition in sea Ice

@article{Golden1998ThePP,
  title={The percolation phase transition in sea Ice},
  author={Golden and Ackley and Lytle},
  journal={Science},
  year={1998},
  volume={282 5397},
  pages={2238-41}
}
Sea ice exhibits a marked transition in its fluid transport properties at a critical brine volume fraction pc of about 5 percent, or temperature Tc of about -5 degreesC for salinity of 5 parts per thousand. For temperatures warmer than Tc, brine carrying heat and nutrients can move through the ice, whereas for colder temperatures the ice is impermeable… CONTINUE READING