The perception of solid form in early infancy.


Day and McKenzie determined the rate of habituation of fixation of young infants to repeated visual presentations of a cube. They found the habituation rate to be the same when the stimulus orientation changed between presentations as when it was fixed, and they interpreted this as evidence of shape constancy. However, a failure to discriminate between cubes in different orientations is only evidence of shape constancy if the infant can at the same time discriminate the cube from other cubelike forms. The experiment described here contrasted the rate of habituation of fixation of 12-week-old infants to a homogenous stimulus series (a cube presented in different orientations) with the rates of habituation to various heterogeneous series, in each of which a cube was alternated with some other solid. It was found that, while the infant could distinguish a cube from a photograph of a cube and a concave solid (an L-form), there was no evidence of discrimination between the cube and either a wedge or a truncated pyramid. The results imply limits to the young infants capacity to resolve solid form.

Cite this paper

@article{Cook1978ThePO, title={The perception of solid form in early infancy.}, author={Marisha L. Cook and Joshua J Field and Kathleen Griffiths}, journal={Child development}, year={1978}, volume={49 3}, pages={866-9} }