The perceived effects of electronic cigarettes on health by adult users: A state of the science systematic literature review

@article{Tomashefski2016ThePE,
  title={The perceived effects of electronic cigarettes on health by adult users: A state of the science systematic literature review},
  author={Amy Tomashefski},
  journal={Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners},
  year={2016},
  volume={28},
  pages={510–515}
}
  • Amy Tomashefski
  • Published 1 September 2016
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is a lack of research on perceived health effects of electronic cigarettes by adult users. Because more people are choosing electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in addition to, or instead of traditional cigarettes, it is important for the nurse practitioner (NP) to understand why. METHODS A comprehensive literature search was conducted using four scholarly databases. The search strategy utilized remained consistent. Qualitative, quantitative, observational studies… Expand
Perceptions and use of electronic cigarettes in pregnancy
TLDR
Existing perceptions of e-cig use in pregnancy are summarized, based on the limited number of publications available, and the necessity of conducting additional research in this field of public health is highlighted. Expand
The messages presented in online electronic cigarette promotions and discussions: a scoping review protocol
TLDR
This scoping review aims to identify and describe the breadth of messages presented in online electronic cigarette promotions and discussions and report results for electronic cigarettes separately to other forms of tobacco delivery. Expand
Smokers’ knowledge and perception of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): a qualitative study of non-quitting smokers in a North London general practice
TLDR
E-cigarettes were primarily seen as a smoking cessation device, with the supply of nicotine viewed as a benefit helping to reduce withdrawal symptoms, although for some participants this supply could also be a hindrance to dealing with their addiction. Expand
Perceptions of harm from electronic-cigarette use among a sample of US Navy personnel
TLDR
The majority of the population studied has negative perceptions and beliefs about EC use, and concepts related to cessation and behavior adoption, harm-to-self and second-hand vapor, and smoke-free zones are illustrated. Expand
The Use of E-cigarettes Among School-Going Adolescents in a Predominantly Rural Environment of Central Appalachia
TLDR
E-cigarette use was more common among the high school students than cigarette and smokeless tobacco use, and a significant proportion of users either smoked cigarettes, used smokeless Tobacco, or both, indicating a critical need for preventive policies and programs to address dual and poly-use of these products. Expand
The Role of Nicotine Dependence in E-Cigarettes’ Potential for Smoking Reduction
TLDR
E-cigarette use was associated with less frequent concurrent smoking of conventional cigarettes among those with high levels of nicotine dependence, however, nondependent e-cigarette users smoked conventional cigarettes slightly more frequently than those who had never used e-cigarettes. Expand
ADULT CIGARETTE SMOKERS: HOW THEY LEARN ABOUT AND USE ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES
The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine how a cigarette smoker learns about and uses an electronic cigarette (EC), perhaps as a way to quit smoking or reduce cigarette consumption. TheExpand
Overview of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems: A Systematic Review.
TLDR
Analysis of published empirical research literature on ENDS indicates that ENDS are increasing in use, particularly among current smokers, pose substantially less harm to smokers than cigarettes, are being used to reduce/quit smoking, and are widely available. Expand
A Review of Pulmonary Toxicity of Electronic Cigarettes in the Context of Smoking: A Focus on Inflammation
TLDR
Cell culture and experimental animal data indicate that e-cigs have the potential for inducing inflammation, albeit much less than smoking, and a focus on human lung biomarkers is focused on. Expand
Respiratory illness linked with the use of electronic cigarettes: An alarming situation.
TLDR
There is little scientific evidence to support these claims, and therefore their efficacy as a safer choice to tobacco smoking still remains disputed. Expand
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
The perceived effects of electronic cigarettes on health by adult users: A state of the science systematic literature review
TLDR
Armed with this information, the NP can communicate with patients about e-cigarettes, confidently recommend against their use, and begin discussions about reliable smoking cessation tools and resources that will help patients achieve their goals. Expand
Characteristics, Perceived Side Effects and Benefits of Electronic Cigarette Use: A Worldwide Survey of More than 19,000 Consumers
TLDR
It is indicated that ECs are mostly used to avoid the harm associated with smoking and can be effective even in highly-dependent smokers and are used as long-term substitutes for smoking. Expand
The use and acceptability of electronic cigarettes among New Zealand smokers.
TLDR
Purchasing of e-cigarette in New Zealand is uncommon, but many respondents viewed e-cigarettes in a positive light and indicated willingness to use them, and ongoing monitoring on the use of and public attitudes towards this emerging product is recommended. Expand
Perceived efficacy of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy among successful e-cigarette users: a qualitative approach
TLDR
These findings suggest tobacco control practitioners must pay increased attention to the importance of the behavioral and social components of smoking addiction by addressing these components in addition to nicotine dependence, e-cigarettes appear to help some tobacco smokers transition to a less harmful replacement tool, thereby maintaining cigarette abstinence. Expand
Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy.
TLDR
E-cigarettes were used much as people would use nicotine replacement medications: by former smokers to avoid relapse or as an aid to cut down or quit smoking, and for quitting and relapse prevention. Expand
Electronic cigarette use by college students.
TLDR
Estimating the prevalence of e-cigarette use and identifying correlates of use among a large, multi-institution, random sample of college students found e-cigarettes use by college students does not appear to be motivated by the desire to quit cigarette smoking. Expand
Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review
TLDR
ENDS use is expanding rapidly despite experts’ concerns about safety, dual use and possible ‘gateway’ effects, and more research is needed on effective public health messages, perceived health risks, validity of self-reports of smoking cessation and the use of different kinds of ENDS. Expand
How risky is it to use e-cigarettes? Smokers’ beliefs about their health risks from using novel and traditional tobacco products
TLDR
The dramatic increase in e-cigarette use may be due in part to the belief that they are less risky to use than cigarettes, unlike the other NCTPs. Expand
Use and Perception of Electronic Cigarettes Among College Students
TLDR
These models suggest attitudinal, social normative, innovation, and behavioral factors may combine to bring the e-cigarette into wider use among college students. Expand
Counseling patients on the use of electronic cigarettes.
TLDR
The potential risk of e-cigarettes outweighs their known benefit as a recommended tobacco treatment strategy by clinicians, and patients should be counseled on the known efficacy and potential risks of E-cigarettes. Expand
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