The pathoanatomy of congenital clubfoot.

Abstract

Patients with resistant clubfeet were reviewed in their second and third decades. For comparison, normal embryological and fetal feet, untreated clubfeet, a recurrent clubfoot, and an amputated foot were dissected. In no child with a resistant clubfoot was the bone architecture normal. In untreated and recurrent clubfeet we found the lateral malleolus to be… (More)

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