The paradox of power-sharing: stability and fragility in postwar Lebanon

  title={The paradox of power-sharing: stability and fragility in postwar Lebanon},
  author={Amanda Rizkallah},
  journal={Ethnic and Racial Studies},
  pages={2058 - 2076}
ABSTRACT This article examines the consequences of civil war and power-sharing settlements for the development of sectarian networks of mobilization. While power-sharing presents a viable mechanism for ending civil war, it allows the participating militias-turned-parties access to state resources and leaves their population networks and organizations intact. This continuity reduces the militias-turned-parties’ start-up costs for violent mobilization in the future, enabling them to mobilize more… Expand
Power-sharing after the Arab Spring? Insights from Lebanon’s Political Transition
Abstract The article looks at the legacy of consociationalism in Lebanon with the aim of illuminating some insights on the linkages between power-sharing and conflict resolution in the post-2011Expand
Coffins and Castles: The Political Legacies of Civil War in Lebanon
Author(s): Rizkallah, Amanda Therese | Advisor(s): Geddes, Barbara | Abstract: Civil war is perhaps the most catastrophic event that can befall a country, and yet the long-term political consequencesExpand
In Defense of Intra-Sectarian Divide: Street Mobilization, Coalition Formation, and Rapid Realignments of Sectarian Boundaries in Lebanon
This article examines the rapid transformations in the salience of sectarian boundaries despite seemingly deeply entrenched polarization. Lebanon provides an interesting case study where sectarianExpand
When militant organizations lose militarily but win politically
The literature on political violence emphasizes two main ways that militant organizations ‘win’: eliminating the adversary outright or coercing the adversary into making concessions. While most doExpand
Evidence from Lebanon’s Council for Development and Reconstruction
Post-conflict power-sharing arrangements not only allocate political power but also economic resources among powerful elites. Previous research on such economic arrangements has largely focused onExpand
Civil war recurrence and postwar violence: Toward an integrated research agenda
Violence after civil war is a challenge to sustainable peace. Many armed conflicts today are recurrences of previous wars and much of the literature on violence after war explains why armed groupsExpand
Redefining Security in the Middle East: Representation of Security as an Emancipatory Discourse in the Capernaum Film
The Middle East is considered as a marginalized geography and difficult to understand for Western countries due to an orientalist and postcolonial perspective. Today, Lebanon, which offers anExpand
Did Hezbollah achieve its objectives declared in the 1985 ‘Open Letter to the Downtrodden in Lebanon and the World’?
The year of 1985 marked the official declaration of Hezbollah’s identity, principles and pivotal objectives in Lebanon through an important document entitled ‘Open Letter to the Downtrodden inExpand
Fuses Set but Hezbollah Not Lighting the Match: The Dominant Political Actor in Lebanon Limiting the Risk of Large-Scale Political War
Amidst the Syrian civil war and Arab Spring wave in the Middle East, Lebanon somehow avoided large-scale political conflict. Lebanon’s violent past would have pointed otherwise, considering politicalExpand
Politics of interconfessional empathy and Schadenfreude in Lebanon
We analyze the sources of two politically relevant, yet opposing emotions: empathy and Schadenfreude. We propose that group and individual-level political factors affect empathy and Schadenfreude t...


Institutionalizing Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management
This article examines how power-sharing institutions might best be designed to stabilize the transition to enduring peace among former adversaries following the negotiated settlement of civil wars.Expand
The Art of the Possible: Power Sharing and Post–Civil War Democracy
This article focuses on the role that power-sharing arrangements play in making it possible for some countries to make the transition to democracy successfully after civil war. The authorsExpand
Organizing Rebellion: Rethinking High-Risk Mobilization and Social Networks in War
Research on violent mobilization broadly emphasizes who joins rebellions and why, but neglects to explain the timing or nature of participation. Support and logistical apparatuses play critical rolesExpand
Credible Power-Sharing Agreements: Theory with Evidence from South Africa and Lebanon
Ipresent a simple model to examine the structure of credible post-conflictpower–sharing agreements. I first show that power–sharingis necessary to induce warring factions to choose democraticruleExpand
The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945–1993
We know very little about how civil wars end. Harrison Wagner has argued that negotiated settlements of civil wars are likely to break down because segments of power-sharing governments retain theExpand
The Critical Barrier to Civil War Settlement
Unlike interstate wars, civil wars rarely end in negotiated settlements. Between 1940 and 1990 55 percent of interstate wars were resolved at the bargaining table, whereas only 20 percent of civilExpand
The Social Processes of Civil War: The Wartime Transformation of Social Networks
Little attention has been paid to the social processes of civil war—the transformation of social actors, structures, norms, and practices—that sometimes leave enduring legacies for the postwarExpand
From victorious rebels to strong authoritarian parties: prospects for post-war democratization
ABSTRACT In a number of cases, rebel movements that won civil wars transformed into powerful authoritarian political parties that dominated post-war politics. Parties whose origins are as victoriousExpand
Is Political Stability Sustainable in Post-‘Cedar Revolution’ Lebanon?
Politics in Lebanon has consistently been associated with political instability and ongoing military conflicts since the mid-1970s. Once hailed as the ‘Switzerland of the Middle East’ and the ‘beaconExpand
Post-Conflict Risks
Post-conflict societies face two distinctive challenges: economic recovery and reduction of the risk of a recurring conflict. Aid and policy reforms have been found to be effective in economicExpand