The paradox of cytokine monitoring-predictor of immunologic activity as well as immunologic silence following cardiac transplantation.


The utility of cytokine monitoring to predict the onset of significant rejection was evaluated in 34 patients following heart transplantation. Serial blood levels of 5 cytokines involved in inflammation and immune activation(IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF) were correlated with clinical outcome and endomyocardial biopsy scores. The majority of patients (68… (More)


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