The pace of life

  title={The pace of life},
  author={Marc H. Bornstein and HELEN G. Bornstein},
THE specific effects of population pressure on the quality of everyday life should be of pressing social and policy concern; and although population studies have proliferated in the behavioural sciences, research has focused primarily on fertility-related behaviours1,2. Moreover, the few social scientists interested in the relationship of the numbers of humans to individual human behaviour have been puzzled by a dearth of clear-cut effects3. This study reports preliminary analyses from a larger… 

Children are not like other loads: a cross-cultural perspective on the influence of burdens and companionship on human walking

The data suggest that children are treated fundamentally differently than other loads or the presence of walking partners, and that major speed adjustments are child-dependent, and indicate that Ugandans walk more slowly in groups than when alone, while Americans walk more quickly in groups.

The Pace of Life: Revisited

Abstract Amoulation is one routine aspect of the pace of life. In Western societies at least, human ambulation varies in a linear fashion with the size of the local population. This relation can be

Attitudinal and personality correlates of a nation's pace of life

This study looked at seven attitudinal and three personality variable correlates of three measures of pace of life. Pace of life was operationalised as three distinct measures; walking pace, postal

The Effects of Urbanization on Interpersonal Behavior

Research conducted in Western societies has revealed urban-small town differences in a number of social behaviors, including differences in the "pace of life," affiliative behavior toward strangers,

The Type A city: Coronary heart disease and the pace of life

Pace of life was strongly related to death rates from coronary heart disease both across cities and across regions of the country, providing support, on a sociological level, for Wright's (1988) contention that time urgency is a toxic element of the Type A behavior pattern.

The Pace of Pedestrian Flows in Cities

The article discusses the proposition that the pace of life in big cities is faster than in other sizes of settlement, thus creating conditions conducive to the high levels of social pathology found

The Pace of Life - Reanalysed: Why Does Walking Speed of Pedestrians Correlate With City Size?

In a much quoted study, BORNSTEIN & BORNSTEIN (1976) showed that the walking speed of pedestrians is positively correlated with the size of the city. They interpreted the higher walking speed of

The pace of hospital life: A mixed methods study

Perceived faster pace significantly predicted negative perceptions of organizational culture, greater burnout and lower job satisfaction, but perceived pace did not predict perceptions of patient safety, which provides support that the pace-of-life hypothesis may apply to the hospital context.


Over a decade ago, sociologists with an interest in the dynamics of interpersonal relations turned their attention toward the spatial setting of human behavior. This was an exciting movement away

The Hare and the Hedgehog: Empirical evidence on the relationship between the individual Pace of Life and the speed-accuracy continuum

The Pace of Life seems to be useful to identify an individual’s stance on the speed-accuracy continuum and placing more weight on speed instead of accuracy paid off in this specific task.



Urbanization, Population Density, and Overcrowding: Trends in the Quality of Life in Urban America

This paper explores changes in the quality of life as reflected in household density, and the possible association of household density with rates of pathological behavior. Data were drawn from the

On the distinction between density and crowding: some implications for future research.

There has been a general tendency to view crowding in terms of spatial considerations alone, and a failure to delineate those social and personal dimensions which may interact with spatial factors to mediate the experience of crowding.