The β-catenin/CBP-antagonist ICG-001 inhibits pediatric glioma tumorigenicity in a Wnt-independent manner
Wnt growth factors regulate a variety of developmental processes by altering specific gene expression patterns. In vertebrates beta-catenin acts as transcriptional activator, which is needed to overcome target gene repression by Groucho/TLE proteins, and to permit promoter activation as the final consequence of Wnt signaling. However, the molecular mechanisms of transcriptional activation by beta-catenin are only poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that the closely related acetyltransferases p300 and CBP potentiate beta-catenin-mediated activation of the siamois promoter, a known Wnt target. beta-catenin and p300 also synergize to stimulate a synthetic reporter gene construct, whereas activation of the cyclin D1 promoter by beta-catenin is refractory to p300 stimulation. Axis formation and activation of the beta-catenin target genes siamois and Xnr-3 in Xenopus embryos are sensitive to the E1A oncoprotein, a known inhibitor of p300/CBP. The C-terminus of beta-catenin interacts directly with a region overlapping the CH-3 domain of p300. p300 could participate in alleviating promoter repression imposed by chromatin structure and in recruiting the basal transcription machinery to promoters of particular Wnt target genes.