The origins of digital computing in Europe

@article{Goodman2003TheOO,
  title={The origins of digital computing in Europe},
  author={Seymour E. Goodman},
  journal={Commun. ACM},
  year={2003},
  volume={46},
  pages={21-25}
}
  • S. Goodman
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Art
  • Commun. ACM
Retracing the paths of influential, but often isolated, computer pioneers. 
MESM and the Beginning of the Computer Era in the Soviet Union
The MESM - Malaya Elektronnaya Schetnaya Mashina (small electronic computing machine) - was the first computer built in the USSR. This history of early Soviet computers examines the technical
Networks in the Russian Market Economy
Preface Introduction Using Networks to find out about Networks The Evolution of Russia's IT Sector The Soviet Legacy and its Transformation in the Russian IT Field Social Milieus and Personal Network
Systems Analysis as Infrastructural Knowledge
This article explores the political effects of the development of systems analysis as a form of “infrastructural knowledge”—that is, as a form of knowledge concerned with infrastructure, and an
Calculating Devices and Computers
Focusing upon computation, storage, and infrastructures for data from the early modern European period forward, this chapter stresses that the constraints of computing technologies, as well as their
Early Nordic Compilers and Autocodes
  • P. Sestoft
  • Computer Science
    History of Nordic Computing
  • 2014
The early development of compilers for high-level programming languages, and of so-called autocoding systems, is well documented at the international level but not as regards the Nordic countries.
Solving Environmental Problems According to the Concept of Sustainable Development of the Earth
The scientific foundation for the development and implementation of automated control systems (ACS) in the USSR are discussed and the results obtained at the V. M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics
The enduring contradictions of new software development approaches: a response to ‘Persistent Problems and Practices in ISD’
In ‘Persistent Problems and Practices in Information Systems Development’, Kautz et al . (2007) offer a thoughtful and original perspective on the nature of high-speed software development practices.
A Complete Bibliography of Publications in Communications of the ACM : 2020–2029
A* [11]. Above [53]. abuse [120]. accelerators [157]. access [120]. accessibility [133]. achieve [21]. ACM [103, 74, 96, 99]. Across [45, 84]. adapting [96]. Adding [64]. address [151]. adoption

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
The Soviet Bloc's Unified System of Computers
TLDR
This paper is an at tempt to present a comprehensive survey and analysis of the Ryad project, a reverse engineering of the IBM S/360 system.
S.A. Lebedev and the birth of Soviet computing
TLDR
The life and work of Sergei Alekseevich Lebedev is studied, one of the world's pioneers in digital computing, who built the MESM, the first Soviet electronic digital stored-program computer (1947-1951).
The Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Technology and the El'brus Family of High-Speed Computers
TLDR
The El' brus-1 and El'brus-2 show the strong influence of design ideas implemented in the Burroughs 700 family but exhibit a variety of innovative architectural features, particularly in the creation of a stack based CPU capable of instruction level parallelism and dynamic instruction scheduling.
Annals of the History of Computing
TLDR
1 [Cor15c, GR02, Ich06, Kap07, Kos03b, RAG04, Sac07, Spi15a], 1-4033-1517-5 [Smi03], 10NES [O’D09].
People and Pioneers
  • People and Pioneers
Materiali Pro Stvorennia. Copies of historical material collected for Lebedev’s centenary commemoration
  • Kiev, Nov. 14–15,
  • 2002
Wolcott has also studied other post-BESM-6 high-performance computers in the USSR
  • Wolcott has also studied other post-BESM-6 high-performance computers in the USSR
Swade has worked extensively on Babbage, and obtained a complete BESM-6 for the National Museum of Science and Industry in London in 1993, “with a view to restoration to working order.
  • Private communications, Nov. 26–Dec
  • 2002
Materiali Pro Stvorennia. Copies of historical material collected for Lebedev's centenary commemoration Malinovskii has written prodigiously on Lebedev and other Soviet computer scientists
  • Materiali Pro Stvorennia. Copies of historical material collected for Lebedev's centenary commemoration Malinovskii has written prodigiously on Lebedev and other Soviet computer scientists
  • 2002
...
...