• Corpus ID: 129184250

The origins of a Pacific Coast chiefdom : the Chumash of the Channel Islands

  title={The origins of a Pacific Coast chiefdom : the Chumash of the Channel Islands},
  author={Jeanne E. Arnold},
When Europeans first visited California, they encountered one of the most culturally diverse regions of the New World. The coasts and ecologically richest areas were dotted with small polities which were supported not by horticulture but exclusively by hunting, fishing, and gathering, placing them among the more complex hunter-gatherer groups in the world."The Origins of a Pacific Coast Chiefdom" considers the Chumash, perhaps the most hierarchically organized of the California groups. It… 

Little Choice for the Chumash: Colonialism, Cattle, and Coercion in Mission Period California

Archaeological data indicate that the Chumash people and their ancestors lived, thrived, and survived along the California Coast for at least eleven thousand years. Over the millennia, they adapted

From Pleistocene Mariners to Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Archaeology of the California Channel Islands

California’s Channel Islands were home to some of the most distinctive Native American peoples along the Pacific Coast. Never connected to the mainland during the Quaternary, the Channel Islands have

Interactions and Interiors of the Coastal Chumash

Abstract Incorporating landscape archaeology and Chumash ethnohistory, we consider some lesser known facets of inter-village interaction in the northern California Bight. Utilizing the concepts of

The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

When Spanish explorers and missionaries came onto Southern Californias shores in 1769, they encountered the large towns and villages of the Chumash, a people who at that time were among the most

An Unusual Case? Hunter-Gatherer Adaptations to an Island Environment: A Case Study from Okinawa, Japan

ABSTRACT Homo sapiens sapiens had spread into most diverse environments by the end of the Pleistocene, but many islands were not settled until the Holocene. One explanation is that because of space

Household and Community Archaeology at the Chumash Village of Niaqla, Santa Rosa Island, California

Abstract Several studies on the North American Pacific Coast have demonstrated the importance of household and community archaeology for documenting hunter-gatherer sociocultural dynamics. Household

Foundations of Chumash complexity

This volume highlights the latest research on the foundations of sociopolitical complexity in coastal California. The populous maritime societies of southern California, particularly the groups known

The Nonagricultural Chiefdoms of Marajó Island

The study of the pre-Columbian occupation on Marajo Island dates back to the beginnings of archaeology as a field of inquiry in Brazil during the late nineteenth century. Elaborate funerary vessels,


A survey in Pozo Canyon on Santa Cruz Island resulted in the discovery of 40 strata of archaeological deposits exposed on the faces of arroyo walls. These exposures result from entrenchment and