The origins and genetic structure of three co-resident Chinese Muslim populations: the Salar, Bo'an and Dongxiang

@article{Wang2003TheOA,
  title={The origins and genetic structure of three co-resident Chinese Muslim populations: the Salar, Bo'an and Dongxiang},
  author={Wei Wang and Cheryl A Wise and Thomas J. Baric and Michael L. Black and Alan H. Bittles},
  journal={Human Genetics},
  year={2003},
  volume={113},
  pages={244-252}
}
A genome-based investigation of three Muslim populations, the Salar, Bo'an, and Dongxiang, was conducted on 212 individuals (148 males, 64 females) co-resident in Jishisan County, a minority autonomous region located in the province of Gansu, PR China. The Salar are believed to be of Turkic origin, whereas the Bo'an and Dongxiang both speak Mongolian. Biparental dinucleotide markers on chromosomes 13 and 15 indicated elevated mean homozygosity in the Salar (0.32), Bo'an (0.32), and Dongxiang (0… Expand
Combining Genetics and Population History in the Study of Ethnic Diversity in the People's Republic of China
TLDR
From the Y-chromosome data in particular, major demographic changes, such as the Neolithic population expansion and more recent historical events including migration along the Silk Road, could be inferred. Expand
Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of Chinese Muslim populations Dongxiang and Hui
TLDR
This study investigated the genetic structure and ancestry of Chinese Muslims by analyzing 15 autosomal short tandem repeats in 652 individuals from Dongxiang, Hui, and Han Chinese populations in Gansu province. Expand
Traces of sub-Saharan and Middle Eastern lineages in Indian Muslim populations
TLDR
The results support a model according to which the spread of Islam in India was predominantly cultural conversion associated with minor but still detectable levels of gene flow from outside, primarily from Iran and Central Asia, rather than directly from the Arabian Peninsula. Expand
A shared Y-chromosomal heritage between Muslims and Hindus in India
TLDR
It is found that the Muslim populations in general are genetically closer to their non-Muslim geographical neighbors than to other Muslims in India, and that there is a highly significant correlation between genetics and geography (but not religion). Expand
Paternal Y chromosomal genotyping reveals multiple large-scale admixtures in the formation of Lolo-Burmese–speaking populations in southwest China
TLDR
The paternal Y chromosomal affinity of the Bai and Yi with Tibeto-Burman groups is consistent with the language classification and shows a close genetic relationship with other Tibeti–speaking populations with high frequencies. Expand
Population Genetic Diversity and Clustering Analysis for Chinese Dongxiang Group With 30 Autosomal InDel Loci Simultaneously Analyzed
TLDR
Results demonstrated that Dongxiang ethnic group might be genetically closer related with most Chinese populations involved in this study, especially Tibet groups, Xibe group, and several Han populations. Expand
Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA studies on the population structure of the Christmas Island community.
TLDR
Analysis of the genetic data indicated population affinities to southern Chinese (in particular from the Yunnan Province) and Southeast Asia (Thailand, Malaysia, and Cambodia), which was consistent with historical records of settlement. Expand
Y-chromosome distributions among populations in Northwest China identify significant contribution from Central Asian pastoralists and lesser influence of western Eurasians
TLDR
The ancestors of present northwestern populations were the admixture of early East Asians peopling northwestward and later Central Asians immigrating eastward, and their genetic background is more similar with Central Asians than with East Asians. Expand
STR polymorphisms of “forensic loci” in the northern Han Chinese population
TLDR
Allelic distributions at the vWA, TH01, D13S317, and D16S539 loci differed from African-Americans and US Caucasians, and more detailed population data at these four loci may be needed to ensure their applicability for forensic purposes in Chinese populations. Expand
Ancient inland human dispersals from Myanmar into interior East Asia since the Late Pleistocene
TLDR
Intriguingly, some haplogroups were shared merely between Myanmar and southwestern China, hinting certain genetic connection between both regions, suggesting that Myanmar was likely one of the differentiation centers of the early modern humans. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
A Genome-Based Study of the Muslim Hui Community and the Han Population of Liaoning Province, PR China
TLDR
Analysis of DNA samples obtained from 53 individuals indicated that the Hui and Han of Liaoning have separate paternal genetic histories, suggestive of population substructure resulting from their particular cultural and historical backgrounds. Expand
A genome‐based study of consanguinity in three co‐resident endogamous Pakistan communities
TLDR
An analysis of 10 autosomal single tandem repeats on chromosomes 13 and 15 revealed distinctive genetic profiles in the Awan, Khattar and Rajpoot, suggesting genetic isolation and a high cumulative level of autozygosity. Expand
Genetic evidence for a higher female migration rate in humans
TLDR
It is found that Y chromosome variants tend to be more localized geographically than those of mtDNA and the autosomes, and the reduction of variation within populations for Y chromosome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is of such magnitude that differences in the effective population sizes of the sexes alone are insufficient to produce the observation. Expand
Trading genes along the silk road: mtDNA sequences and the origin of central Asian populations.
TLDR
It seems unlikely that altitude has exerted a major selective pressure on mitochondrial genes in central Asian populations, because lowland and highland Kirghiz mtDNA sequences are very similar, and the analysis of molecular variance has revealed that the fraction of mitochondrial genetic variance due to altitude is not significantly different from zero. Expand
Understanding Inherited Disease through Human Migrations: A South-West Asian Perspective
TLDR
It is demonstrated how detailed analysis of mtDNA and the Y chromosome can reveal general and more subtle population movements within south-west Asia, and how these data could be applied to predicting the segregation of mutant alleles within populations. Expand
Genetic relationship of populations in China.
  • J. Chu, W. Huang, +11 authors L. Jin
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
TLDR
Genetic evidence does not support an independent origin of Homo sapiens in China, and it is more likely that ancestors of the populations currently residing in East Asia entered from Southeast Asia. Expand
Paternal population history of East Asia: sources, patterns, and microevolutionary processes.
TLDR
The peopling of East Asia was more complex than earlier models had proposed-that is, a multilayered, multidirectional, and multidisciplinary framework is necessary. Expand
Y-chromosome lineages trace diffusion of people and languages in southwestern Asia.
TLDR
Genetic evidence is presented for the occurrence of two major population movements, supporting a model of demic diffusion of early farmers from southwestern Iran-and of pastoral nomads from western and central Asia-into India, associated with Dravidian and Indo-European-language dispersals, respectively. Expand
Hierarchical patterns of global human Y-chromosome diversity.
TLDR
A nested cladistic analysis (NCA) demonstrated that both population structure processes (recurrent gene flow restricted by isolation by distance and long-distance dispersals) and population history events were instrumental in explaining this tripartite division of global NRY diversity. Expand
The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity
TLDR
This study reports the frequencies of 23 Y-chromosome biallelic polymorphism haplotypes in 1,935 men from 49 Eurasian populations, with a particular focus on Central Asia. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...