The origins and early dispersal of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum), a major crop of ancient India

  title={The origins and early dispersal of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum), a major crop of ancient India},
  author={Dorian Q. Fuller and Charlene Murphy},
  journal={Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution},
Horsegram has been an important crop since the beginning of agriculture in many parts of South Asia. Despite horsegram’s beneficial properties as a hardy, multi-functional crop, it is still regarded as a food of the poor, particularly in southern India. Mistakenly regarded as a minor crop, largely due to entrenched biases against this under-utilised crop, horsegram has received far less research than other pulses of higher status. The present study provides an updated analysis of evidence for… 
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Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) was originally domesticated in sub-Saharan Africa but is now cultivated on every continent except Antarctica, and the spread of cultivated cowpea has been reconstructed.
A Chromosome-scale draft genome sequence of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum)
This is the first attempt to generate a draft genome sequence in horsegram and will provide a reference for sequence-based analysis of the horsegram germplasm to elucidate the genetic basis of important traits.
Seed coat thinning during horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) domestication documented through synchrotron tomography of archaeological seeds
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The domestication syndrome in vegetatively-propagated field crops.
A range of phenotypic traits potentially comprising a syndrome associated with early domestication of vegetatively-propagated field crops is proposed, including mode of reproduction, yield of edible portion, ease of harvesting, defensive adaptations, timing of production and plant architecture.
Resolving population structure and genetic differentiation associated with RAD-SNP loci under selection in tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius L.)
It is argued that high intraspecific genetic admixture could be associated with increased genetic variance within Indian populations, and infer that two ancestral subpopulations (African and Indian) structure the C. olitorius populations, but not in accordance with their geographic origins and patterns of diversity.
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Tailoring crops to withstand rising temperature and declining precipitation may be unrewarding, therefore the potential of undervalued crops such as horse gram can be explored for safeguarding food and nutritional security with health benefits in the era of climate change.
Construction of a framework linkage map and genetic dissection of drought- and yield-related QTLs in horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum)
The first framework linkage map of horsegram is constructed, consisting of 211 molecular markers (157 SSR, 39 RAPD, 8 ISSR and 7 COS), using a mapping population of 190 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between parental lines HPK4 and HPKM249.


Finding Plant Domestication in the Indian Subcontinent
An alternative hypothesis for several regions of India can be considered in which agriculture arose as a result of secondary domestications of local species after an initial introduction of farming from outside.
Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World
  • D. Fuller
  • Biology, Geography
    Annals of botany
  • 2007
Data suggest that in domesticated grasses, changes in grain size and shape evolved prior to non-shattering ears or panicles, suggesting a need to reconsider the role of sickle harvesting in domestication.
The archaeobotany of Indian pulses: identification, processing and evidence for cultivation
The taphonomy of archaeological pulses is considered in the context of crop-processing of pulses, in which an important distinction can be drawn between free-threshing and pod-th Reshing types.
Archaeological perspectives on the origins of azuki (Vigna angularis)
Recent archaeological findings provide a hint on domestication of azuki (Vigna angularis var. angularis) in East Asia. This preliminary study investigates archaeological collections from various
Millets and Herders: The Origins of Plant Cultivation in Semiarid North Gujarat (India)
Botanical evidence suggests that North Gujarat (India) was a primary center of plant domestication during the mid-Holocene. However, lack of systematic archaeobotanical research and significant
Genetic Patterns of Domestication in Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) and Wild Cajanus Relatives
SNPs derived from 670 low copy orthologous genes are used to clarify the evolutionary history of pigeonpea and its wild relatives and identify three well-supported lineages that are geographically clustered and congruent with previous nuclear and plastid sequence-based phylogenies.
The Vegetational Context of Early Agriculture in South India
The first systematically collected assemblages of archaeological plant remains from Neolithic south India (2800-1000 cal.B.C.) are discussed in relation to their palaeoecological context. These
Assessment of genetic diversity among germplasm lines of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) at Bijapur.
Assessment of genetic divergence among the 100 germplasm lines using Mahalanobis D2 statistic collected from different sources including local checks revealed that Cluster I was the largest with 19 genotypes followed by cluster III (14) and cluster V (13) and Cluster XII showed the maximum mean value for seed yield.
Convergent evolution and parallelism in plant domestication revealed by an expanding archaeological record
A unique synthesis of evidence is provided, including quantitative evidence on the trajectory and rate of domestication in seed crops and patterns in the development of tropical vegetatively propagated crops, for the New World and Old World tropics.
Early plant domestications in southern India: some preliminary archaeobotanical results
Analysis of flotation samples from twelve sites in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh provides clear evidence for the predominant subsistence plants of the Neolithic period, and suggests that the earliest agriculture in south India, dating to the third millennium b.c., was based on plants domesticated in the region.