The origin and value of the stadion unit used by Eratosthenes in the third century B.C.

  title={The origin and value of the stadion unit used by Eratosthenes in the third century B.C.},
  author={Edward Gulbekian},
  journal={Archive for History of Exact Sciences},
  • E. Gulbekian
  • Published 1 December 1987
  • History
  • Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Eratosthenes was not only an eminent Alexandrian mathematician of the third century B.C., but was ranked in antiquity among the rare group of men who were equally proficient in all fields of knowledge.1»2 One of his works was entitled On the measurement of the Earth which, although now lost, was quoted extensively by Strabo and others.3'4 Interpretation of this geographical data depends on a knowledge of the unit of distance employed by its author. This was the stadion or stadium, a unit… 

P. Biagi - Uneasy Riders: With Alexander and Nearchus from Pattala to Rhambakia

The scope of this paper is to interpret the road followed by Alexander and Nearchus on their way back to Babylon from the Indus delta to the country of the fi sh-eaters (Gedrosia). To achieve this

A New Perspective on Eratosthenes' Measurement of the Earth.

Around 240 B.C., Eratosthenes made what is considered to be the most famous and accurate of the ancient measurements of the circumference of the Earth.1 It was accomplished by making presumably

A GIS Approach to Finding the Metropolis of Rhapta

The Periplus of the Erythrean Sea is a description of trade networks in the western Indian Ocean written as a guide for merchants (Casson 1989: 5). This text provides a description, varying in

How monstrosity and geography were used to define the other in early medieval Europe

My thesis deals with texts that are either often not investigated in their entirety or that have large portions of their narratives overlooked in favour of more traditionally popular sections. The

Brill's companion to ancient geography : the inhabited world in Greek and Roman tradition

Brill's Companion to Ancient Geography edited by S. Bianchetti, M. R. Cataudella, H. J. Gehrke is the first collection of studies on historical geography of the ancient world that focuses on a

Sizing Up Earth: A Universal Method for Applying Eratosthenes' Earth Measurement

Abstract This article is based on an activity used in a team-taught preservice course, “Integrating Geography and History,” at the University of North Alabama. The antecedents to modern descriptions

The Sun lightens and enlightens: high noon shadow measurements

Contemporary physicists and science experts include Eratosthenes’ measurement of the Earthʼs circumference as one of the most beautiful experiments ever performed in physics. Upon revisiting this

Archaeological Surveys in Lower Sindh: Preliminary Results of the 2009 Season

A BST R A C T In January-F ebruary 2009 archaeological surveys were conducted in three different regions of Lower Sindh, from Ranikot, in the north, to the Makli Hills, in the south. They resulted in

Eratosthenes' Geography : Fragments Collected and Translated with Commentary and Additional Material

Roller’s Eratosthenes’ Geography is the first comprehensive treatment of Eratosthenes’ Geographica since R.M.Bentham’s largely inaccessible, unpublished PhD thesis, The Fragments of Eratosthenes

A "Chinese Eratosthenes" Reconsidered: Chinese and Greek Calculations and Categories

[Lisa Raphals is Professor of Chinese and Comparative Literature at the University of California, Riverside. She is author of Knowing Words: Wisdom and Cunning in the Classical Traditions of China