The organization of the ascending auditory pathway in the pigeon (Columba livia). I. Diencephalic projections of the inferior colliculus (nucleus mesencephali lateralis, pars dorsalis).

@article{Karten1967TheOO,
  title={The organization of the ascending auditory pathway in the pigeon (Columba livia). I. Diencephalic projections of the inferior colliculus (nucleus mesencephali lateralis, pars dorsalis).},
  author={Harvey J. Karten},
  journal={Brain research},
  year={1967},
  volume={6 3},
  pages={
          409-27
        }
}
  • H. Karten
  • Published 1 November 1967
  • Biology
  • Brain research
Avian somatosensory system: II. Ascending projections of the dorsal column and external cuneate nuclei in the pigeon
  • J. Wild
  • Biology
    The Journal of comparative neurology
  • 1989
TLDR
The results show that the majority of ascending projections decussate via internal arcuate fibers to form a contralateral medial lemniscus which ascends in a ventral position.
Three subdivisions of the auditory midbrain in chicks (Gallus gallus) identified by their afferent and commissural projections
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Using in vivo anterograde and retrograde tracing techniques, the current study provides two lines of anatomical evidence supporting the presence of a third ascending channel to the chick MLd, suggesting a third information‐processing channel in parallel with the time and intensity channels.
Connections of the auditory brainstem in a songbird, Taeniopygia guttata. III. Projections of the superior olive and lateral lemniscal nuclei
TLDR
The ascending inputs to MLd and more rostral nuclei may contribute importantly to mechanisms of auditory pattern (song) recognition and some of the descending projections may be inhibitory.
Subdivisions of the Auditory Midbrain (N. Mesencephalicus Lateralis, pars dorsalis) in Zebra Finches Using Calcium-Binding Protein Immunocytochemistry
TLDR
The midbrain nucleus mesencephalicus lateralis pars dorsalis is thought to be the avian homologue of the central nucleus of the mammalian inferior colliculus and in songbirds mediates the auditory feedback necessary for the learning and maintenance of song.
Afferents to the Optic Tectum of the Leopard Frog : An HRP Study
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Efferents from the optic tectum to the brain stem in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Anterogradely biocytin method.
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The present results suggest that tectofugal impulses in the quail relate to various functions with special relation to the function of the GC at the level of the trigeminal nerve as well as a visual function.
Ascending connections of a midbrain auditory area in a crocodile, Caiman crocodilus
  • M. Pritz
  • Biology
    The Journal of comparative neurology
  • 1974
TLDR
The torus semicircularis is a tonotopically organized auditory region in the midbrain of the crocodile, Caiman crocodilus, and the neuronal architecture of nucleus Z and that of the nucleus reuniens complex are described.
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The present study was undertaken in an attempt to determine both the descending and ascending projections of the superior colliculus in the cat by means of the Nauta-Gygax technique, following localized stereotaxic lesions in the superiorColliculus.
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Auditory responses were obtained from the nucleus mesencephalicus lateralis pars dorsalis and there is point to point representation of the retina on the optic tectum in the pigeon.
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FOREWORD The problems of evolution rank among mankind's most enduring interests, and it is therefore not surprising that virtually every branch of biology and medicine has ramified in the direction
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It has been possible to demonstrate the presence in birds of specific Neurons of two distinctly different types, which in all probability form and store a primary catcholamine and 5‐hydroxytryptamine respectively.
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