The optimal use of cardiac imaging in the quantification of carcinoid heart disease.


Carcinoid heart disease is a rare cause of right-sided valvular dysfunction, primarily mediated by serotonin. It is an important complication in patients with carcinoid syndrome and occurs in 20-50% of such patients. Echocardiography is the main technique used for the assessment of carcinoid heart disease, but other imaging modalities are also important… (More)
DOI: 10.1530/ERC-13-0152


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