The oldest evidence of Nigella damascena L. (Ranunculaceae) and its possible introduction to central Europe

  title={The oldest evidence of Nigella damascena L. (Ranunculaceae) and its possible introduction to central Europe},
  author={Andreas G Heiss and Klaus Oeggl},
  journal={Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
After the beginning of metal processing at the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age, further knowledge of ore mining and smelting had spread from the Near East to central Europe. In the copper ore deposits of Schwaz, in the central part of the Alps, the oldest traces of copper mining derive from the early to middle Bronze Ages. Investigation of a middle to late Bronze Age (1410–920 cal B.C.) slag-washing site in the area revealed a carbonised seed of Nigella damascena (Ranunculaceae… 

Distribution area of the two floral morphs of Nigella damascena L. (Ranunculaceae): a diachronic study using herbarium specimens collected in France

Knowing about the spatial distribution and the frequency of occurrence of wild-type and mutant populations through time will help botanists and evolutionary biologists investigate the origin and ecological grounds for the maintenance and propagation of the apetalous morph in the wild.

Nigella in the Mirror of Time A Brief Attempt to Draw a Genus' Ethnohistorical Portrait

The various (sub)species within the Nigella arvensis complex are treated as one single species – a rather strong simplification when consid ering the results obtained by Strid (1970) or Bittkau/Comes (2005; 2008), but sufficient for this paper.

The comparison of archaeobotanical data and the oldest documentary records (14th–15th century) of useful plants in medieval Gdańsk, northern Poland

This paper presents a comparison of archaeobotanical data with information about useful plants from the oldest (14th–15th century) written sources that have survived in the archives of Gdańsk,

Dig out, Dig in! Plant-based diet at the Late Bronze Age copper production site of Prigglitz-Gasteil (Lower Austria) and the relevance of processed foodstuffs for the supply of Alpine Bronze Age miners

Analysis of the food plant spectrum at the mining settlement of Prigglitz-Gasteil basing on charred plant macroremains demonstrates that the plant-based diet of the investigated mining communities reflects the general regional and chronological trends rather than particular preferences of the miners or metallurgists.

The Biology of Canadian Weeds: 155. Panicum miliaceum L.

Since the late 1990s, weedy proso millet has declined dramatically after the adoption of newer herbicides, particularly glyphosate, and this development may lead to increases in cultivated proso Millet, especially where climate change favours short-season crops grown under drier conditions.

Analysis of the fuel wood used in Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age copper mining sites of the Schwaz and Brixlegg area (Tyrol, Austria)

Charcoal analysis was carried out as part of an interdisciplinary project focusing on the copper mining history of the former mining area of Schwaz and Brixlegg, a region pivotal as a copper source

Seed Morphology of Nigella s.l. (Ranunculaceae): Identification, Diagnostic Traits, and Their Potential Phylogenetic Relevance

A comprehensive morphological and anatomical analysis was carried out on seeds of all 15 species currently recognized in the genus Nigella, and analyses using maximum parsimony and character mapping onto a DNA-based phylogeny suggest that seed characters will be useful for ongoing phylogenetic studies in the species.

Miners and mining in the Late Bronze Age: a multidisciplinary study from Austria

The extraction and processing of metal ores, particularly those of copper and tin, are regarded as among the principal motors of Bronze Age society. The skills and risks of mining lie behind the



The genusNigella (Ranunculaceae) — a taxonomic revision

  • M. Zohary
  • Biology
    Plant Systematics and Evolution
  • 2004
The genus Nigella, burdened with about 80 or more binomials, consists of only 14 acceptable species; the most polymorphic species isN.

Pharmacological and toxicological properties of Nigella sativa

The main reports of the pharmacological and toxicological properties of N. sativa and its constituents are reviewed, which include asthma, diarrhoea and dyslipidaemia.

Estrogenic activity of Nigella damascena extracts, evaluated using a recombinant yeast screen

The yeast estrogen screen (YES) containing a human estrogen receptor was used to evaluate the estrogenic activity of extracts obtained from Nigella damascena seeds and suggested the presence in Nigella of polar components whose activity can be clearly demonstrated after previous elimination of interacting apolar components that may mask the activity of more polar components.

Literature on archaeological remains of cultivated plants (1999/2000)

Abstract. Publications on archaeological remains of cultivated plants have been collected, mainly from 1999, with some earlier and some from 2000. A list is given of the finds according to taxon,

Literature on archaeological remains of cultivated plants (1997/1998)

Publications on archaeological remains of cultivated plants have been collected, mainly from 1997, with some earlier and some from 1998. A list is given of the finds according to taxon, country,

Die Anfänge der Metallurgie in Mitteleuropa