The occurrence and co-occurrence of ACEs and their relationship to mental health in the United States and Ireland.

  title={The occurrence and co-occurrence of ACEs and their relationship to mental health in the United States and Ireland.},
  author={Christa McCutchen and Philip Hyland and Mark Shevlin and Maryl{\`e}ne Cloitre},
  journal={Child abuse \& neglect},

Mechanisms by which adverse childhood experiences, other traumas and PTSD influence the health and well-being of individuals with eating disorders throughout the life span

  • T. Brewerton
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of Eating Disorders
  • 2022
This narrative review focuses on the ACEs pyramid and its purported mechanisms through which child maltreatment and other forms of violence toward human beings influence the health and well-being of individuals who develop EDs throughout the life span.



The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood

The graded relationship of the ACE score to 18 different outcomes in multiple domains theoretically parallels the cumulative exposure of the developing brain to the stress response with resulting impairment in multiple brain structures and functions.

Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication I: associations with first onset of DSM-IV disorders.

Examination of joint associations of 12 retrospectively reported CAs with the first onset of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication suggests that CAs have powerful and often subadditive associations with the onset of many types of largely primary mental disorders throughout the life course.

Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences From the 2011-2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 23 States

This report demonstrates the burden of ACEs among the US adult population using the largest and most diverse sample to date and highlights that childhood adversity is common across sociodemographic characteristics, but some individuals are at higher risk of experiencing ACEs than others.

Trauma, PTSD, and complex PTSD in the Republic of Ireland: prevalence, service use, comorbidity, and risk factors

Almost one-in-eight Irish adults met diagnostic requirements for PTSD or CPTSD, and comorbidity with other disorders was high, revealing a substantial mental health treatment gap.

ICD-11 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the United States: A Population-Based Study.

Individuals with CPTSD reported substantially higher psychiatric burden and lower levels of psychological well-being compared to those with PTSD and those with neither diagnosis.