The northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita: history, current status and future perspectives

@article{Bhm2020TheNB,
  title={The northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita: history, current status and future perspectives},
  author={Christian O. B{\"o}hm and Christopher G. R. Bowden and Philip J. Seddon and Taner Hatipoğlu and Widade Oubrou and Mohammed El Bekkay and Miguel Angel Quevedo and Johannes Fritz and Can Yeniyurt and Jose Manual Lopez and Jorge Fern{\'a}ndez Orueta and Didone Frigerio and Markus Uns{\"o}ld},
  journal={Oryx},
  year={2020},
  volume={55},
  pages={934 - 946}
}
Abstract The northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita was once widespread throughout the Middle East, northern Africa, and southern and central Europe. Habitat destruction, persecution and the impacts of pesticides have led to its disappearance from most of its former range. It disappeared from central Europe > 400 years ago, but has persisted as a relict and slowly growing breeding population in Morocco, where c. 700 wild birds of all ages remain. In Algeria, the last confirmed breeding was in… 
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Halfway to self-sustainability: Reintroduced migratory European Northern Bald Ibises (Geronticus eremita) still need management interventions for population viability
TLDR
This study shows that a PVA can support reintroduction success that should work closely together with the project in the field for mutual benefit, to optimize future management decisions.

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Discovery of a relict breeding colony of northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita in Syria
TLDR
Intensive field surveys in spring 2002 revealed that the northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita has never become completely extinct on the Syrian desertic steppe.
Accounting for the low survival of the Critically Endangered northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita on a major migratory flyway
Abstract The poor survival rate of immature northern bald ibises Geronticus eremita during their first years spent outside the natal site is driving the last known wild colony of the migratory
The status and recent breeding performance of the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita population on the Atlantic coast of Morocco
TLDR
It is suggested that coastal fogs in this region may buffer the adverse impacts of low rainfall and may in part account for the year-round residency of the birds.
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was widespread in central Europe, Middle East, and North Africa. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the last known remnant wild birds had been restricted to the populations of Northwestern
Un programme de conservation pour l'ibis chauve (Geronticus eremita) au Maroc
The Northern Bald Ibis is one of the most threatened birds in the world. During the Middle Ages it occurred in the Alps of central Europe and was formerly widespread from North Africa to the Middle
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TLDR
Several features point to a toxic aetiology but the cause of the incident has not been established; however, the species is Critically Endangered and no other species is involved.
Back into the wild: establishing a migratory Northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita population in Europe
TLDR
The reintroduction of the Northern bald ibis Geronticus eremita in central Europe is broadly in line with the reintroduction guidelines of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Reintroduced northern bald ibises from Spain reach Morocco
era trap in the core area of Kawal Tiger Reserve, and in December  a male tiger was similarly photographed in the same area. In March  the tigress was seen with four cubs in nearby forests.
An assessment of ecological conditions and threats at the Ethiopian wintering site of the last known eastern colony of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita
Summary The long-range, migratory eastern relict population of Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita has been steadily declining since the time of discovery in 2002, despite the protection programme
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