The new census question about ancestry: What did it tell us?

@article{Farley2010TheNC,
  title={The new census question about ancestry: What did it tell us?},
  author={R. Farley},
  journal={Demography},
  year={2010},
  volume={28},
  pages={411-429}
}
  • R. Farley
  • Published 2010
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Demography
In addition to specific inquiries about race and Spanish origin, the censuses of 1980 and 1990 included an open-ended question about ancestry, which replaced the question about parents’ place of birth that had been used since 1870. This paper examines findings from the new ancestry question from the perspective of measuring ethnicity. The question adds little information about Hispanics, racial minorities, or recent immigrants, who can be identified readily on the basis of other census… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Ancestry versus Ethnicity: The Complexity and Selectivity of Mexican Identification in the United States
Using microdata from the 2000 US Census, we analyze the responses of Mexican Americans to questions that independently elicit their “ethnicity” (or Hispanic origin) and their “ancestry.” WeExpand
The meaning and measurement of race in the U.S. census: Glimpses into the future
TLDR
It is concluded that the concept of “origins” may be closer to the popular understanding of American diversity than is the antiquated concept of race. Expand
Finding the Lost Generation: Identifying Second-Generation Immigrants in Federal Statistics
This article underscores the importance of adding a question on parental birthplace to the American Community Survey (ACS). This question was removed from the long form of the U.S. Census after 1970Expand
The Case of the Disappearing Mexican Americans: An Ethnic-Identity Mystery
We examine the issue of identification stability for U.S.-born Mexican Americans, by far the largest of the ethnic groups growing as a result of contemporary immigration. We demonstrate a significantExpand
Measurement of Race and Ethnicity in a Changing, Multicultural America
It is well accepted that concepts of race, ethnicity, and ancestry are changing constructs that reflect the social, economic, and political climate of the times. Studying the history of theExpand
The Complexity of Immigrant Generations: Implications for Assessing the Socioeconomic Integration of Hispanics and Asians
TLDR
The results indicate that ethnic attrition generates measurement biases that vary across groups in direction as well as magnitude, and that correcting for these biases is likely to raise the socioeconomic standing of the U.S.-born descendants of Hispanic immigrants relative to their Asian counterparts. Expand
The 'Unhyphenated American' Phenomenon: An Individual-Level Analysis of Causes and Consequences
Since 1980, the U.S. Census has asked Americans to indicate their “ancestry or ethnic origin.” In the 2000 Census, more than 20 million Americans reported being of “American” ancestry. TheseExpand
The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the US Population: Emerging American Identities.
TLDR
An in-depth examination of the racial and ethnic reporting by whites, blacks, Asians, and Hispanics in the 2000 census shows the emerging pattern, labeled here as the "Americanization" ofracial and ethnic identities, is of simplified racial identities with little acknowledgment of complex ancestries. Expand
Twilight of Ethnic Identity? Implication of Mixed Ancestries Among Arab Americans
Utilizing the nationally representative 2010–2014 American Community Survey Public Use Micro Sample data, we examine patterns and determinants of ethnic identity among US-born Arab Americans, anExpand
Who Remains Mexican? Selective Ethnic Attrition and the Intergenerational Progress of Mexican Americans
This chapter argues that selective ethnic attrition creates potentially serious problems for tracking the socioeconomic progress of the US-born descendants of Mexican immigrants. As the descendantsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
From Many Strands: Ethnic and Racial Groups in Contemporary America.
The 1980 census introduced a radical change in the measurement of ethnicity by gathering information on ancestry for all respondents regardless of how long ago their forebears migrated to America andExpand
Ancestry and language in the United States: November 1979.
This is the first report presenting information on the ancestry languages and literacy of the U.S. population based on data collected by the Bureau of the Census in November 1979 in a specialExpand
Direct and indirect measures of ethnicity: how different definitions affect the size and characteristics of various ethnic groups
This paper is one of a series of reports investigating the quality and completeness of data gathered by the new ancestry question that was asked in the [U.S.] Census Bureau November 1979 CurrentExpand
The use of nativity data to estimate ethnic characteristics and patterns
Until recently, nativity data for the first and second generations (the foreign stock) have been the primary source of census information on white ethnic groups in the United States. With theExpand
A Preliminary Examination of Ethnic Identification among Whites.
The issue of ethnic identity has received little attention in the empirical literature on ethnicity, despite its importance in the light of the currently high rates of intermarriage and mixedExpand
The Color Line and the Quality of Life in America.
This study undertaken for the National Committee for Research on the 1980 Census is one in a series of volumes concerned with analyses of the 1980 U.S. census results. In the present volume theExpand
Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites
TLDR
It is concluded that ethnic categories are social phenomena that over the long run are constantly being redefined and reformulated. Expand
Whose Votes Count?: Affirmative Action and Minority Voting Rights
The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States guarantees that all citizens have the right to vote without regard to their "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." ForExpand
Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America.
This landmark work examines the changing role of ethnicity in the lives of Amerians from a broad range of European backgrounds. Using data from in-depth interviews with more than five hundred people,Expand
Statistics and politics: The “hispanic issue” in the 1980 census
  • H. Choldin
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Demography
  • 2011
TLDR
An analytical history of interactions between the United States Bureau of the Census and Mexican-American leaders preparatory to the 1980 census is presented, showing how the former emphasized scientific objectives while the latter emphasized the political. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...