The new Coimbra method for recording entheseal changes and the effect of age-at-death

  title={The new Coimbra method for recording entheseal changes and the effect of age-at-death},
  author={Charlotte Yvette Henderson and Valentina Mariotti and Fernando Sluchensci dos Santos and S{\'e}bastien Villotte and Cynthia Ann Wilczak},
Entheseal changes have been widely used in anthropology to study activity patterns, but there is an increasing awareness that ageing is associated with these changes. The aim of this study was to test each feature of the new Coimbra method for its variability, side asymmetry and its relationship with age. In addition to this, an overall relationship with age was tested for a larger sample. Males 16 and over from the Coimbra skeletal collection of historically identified individuals were… 

Estimation of adult age-at-death from entheseal robusticity: A test using an identified Italian skeletal collection.

Results suggest the potential usefulness of ER for the estimation of age, especially for female skeletal remains, may be a valid complement to existing methods for the reconstruction of the biological profile of skeletal remains of archaeological and forensic interest.

“Brothers in arms”: Activity‐related skeletal changes observed on the humerus of individuals buried with and without weapons from the 10th‐century CE Carpathian Basin

Investigation of warfare-related lifestyle based on the activity-induced skeletal changes is of great interest for bioarchaeologists. Numerous studies have described various skeletal traces connected

Experimental proof that multivariate patterns among muscle attachments (entheses) can reflect repetitive muscle use

Results demonstrated that the multivariate associations among different entheseal surfaces can directly reflect repetitive muscle recruitment and provide essential information on muscle use.

An evaluation of the relationship between the degree of entheseal changes and the severity of osteodegenerative processes at fibrocartilaginous entheses

Results show a positive correlation between the degree of entheseal changes and the severity of osteodegenerative processes in the femora, suggesting that enthesis may play a role in osteoarthritis.

Experimental evidence that physical activity affects the multivariate associations among muscle attachments (entheses)

This study presents an experimental validation of a recently developed method of reconstructing physical activity based on multivariate analyses of muscle attachments on bone surfaces and provides the first experimental evidence that variation in physical activity patterns has a direct influence on entheseal morphology.

Osteoarthritis, entheses, and long bone cross-sectional geometry in the Andes: Usage, history, and future directions.

  • S. Becker
  • Geography
    International journal of paleopathology
  • 2019

A repeatable geometric morphometric approach to the analysis of hand entheseal three-dimensional form.

A precise landmark-based technique for reconstructing the three-dimensional shape of human entheseal surfaces is put forth, to investigate whether the shape ofhuman entheses is related to their size.

Evidence for precision grasping in Neandertal daily activities

This work reevaluate the manipulative behaviors of Neandertals and early modern humans using a historical reference sample with extensive genealogical and lifelong occupational documentation, in combination with a new and precise three-dimensional multivariate analysis of hand muscle attachments.

New horizons in reconstructing past human behavior: Introducing the “Tübingen University Validated Entheses‐based Reconstruction of Activity” method

Through a series of studies, a novel and precise methodology that focuses on reconstructing muscle synergies based on three‐dimensional and multivariate analyses among entheses is introduced, which overall point to the great potential of entheses in elucidating aspects of past human behavior.



Recording Specific Entheseal Changes of Fibrocartilaginous Entheses: Initial Tests Using the Coimbra Method

This paper presents the first results of the Coimbra method, a new qualitative method for recording fibrocartilaginous entheses based on the types of changes observed, which has the advantage of allowing studies of the relationship between different EC and age as well as sex and occupation.

Enthesopathies--proposal of a standardized scoring method and applications.

Functional interpretations of data on enthesopathies in osteoarchaeological series must take account of the estimated age and sex of the specimens and the distribution of the lesions within a single skeleton.

The effect of age, sex, and physical activity on entheseal morphology in a contemporary Italian skeletal collection.

It is indicated that entheseal morphology primarily reflects the age of an individual, while correlation with lifetime activity remains ambiguous.

The New ‘Coimbra Method’: A Biologically Appropriate Method for Recording Specific Features of Fibrocartilaginous Entheseal Changes

A revised version of the Coimbra method for recording fibrocartilaginous entheses is presented, including a new feature, textural change, which is scored as absent or present when it involves 50% or more of the surface and the reduction in inter-observer error is reduced.

Understanding Entheseal Changes: Definition and Life Course Changes

Over the past two decades, many articles have been published on entheseal changes (usually called ‘Musculoskeletal Stress Markers’) as activity markers in past societies. Over-simplified methods and

Evaluating the efficiency of different recording protocols for entheseal changes in regards to expressing activity patterns using archival data and cross-sectional geometric properties.

Differences found in the bilateral impact of age and body mass highlight the fact that the activity patterns of the individuals under examination must play an underlying role to EC expression, though current recording schemes for EC do not capture this, rendering further work in the direction of developing more elaborate recording standards imperative.

Enthesopathies as occupational stress markers: evidence from the upper limb.

It appears that enthesopathies can be used to reconstruct past lifestyles of populations if physical anthropologists pay attention to the choice of entheses in their studies and use appropriate methods.

Accounting for multiple effects and the problem of small sample sizes in osteology: a case study focussing on entheseal changes

An independent test of a previously developed GLM on an identified skeletal sample comprised of skeletons from four British sites, which has a typical sample size for archaeological osteological analysis, indicates that the original model did not compare well with the frequencies of entheseal changes found in the British assemblage under study.

The study of entheses: proposal of a standardised scoring method for twenty-three entheses of the postcranial skeleton.

A standardised descriptive and photographic scoring method is proposed for the robusticity of 23 postcranial skeleton entheses, corresponding, in general, to a weak-moderate expression, strong development and very strong development.

Bioarchaeology's Holy Grail: The Reconstruction of Activity

Most contributors to this volume focus on pathological conditions as identified in human remains, and some of the bone changes seen in osteoarthritis that have routinely been used to reconstruct activity are also sometimes pathological.