The neurotoxic effect of astrocytes activated with toll-like receptor ligands.


Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key molecules in the innate immune system in the central nervous system. Although astrocytes are believed to play physiological roles in regulating neuronal activity and synaptic transmission, activated astrocytes may also be toxic to neurons. Here, we show that the ligands for TLRs 2, 4, 5 and 6 induce neuronal cell death in neuron-astrocytes co-cultures through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Inhibition of ROS production by NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin significantly suppresses neuronal cell death. ROS induced in astrocytes via TLRs may be involved in neuroinflammation and a therapeutic target for neurotoxicity by activated astrocytes.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2012.08.010
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@article{Ma2013TheNE, title={The neurotoxic effect of astrocytes activated with toll-like receptor ligands.}, author={Di Ma and Shijie Jin and Endong Li and Yukiko Doi and Bijiya Parajuli and Mariko Noda and Yoshifumi Sonobe and Tetsuya Mizuno and Akio Suzumura}, journal={Journal of neuroimmunology}, year={2013}, volume={254 1-2}, pages={10-8} }