The neglected scent: on the marking function of urine in Lemur catta

@article{Palagi2005TheNS,
  title={The neglected scent: on the marking function of urine in Lemur catta},
  author={Elisabetta Palagi and Leonardo Dapporto and Silvana M Borgognini Tarli},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2005},
  volume={58},
  pages={437-445}
}
In ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) urine deposition can be combined with two different tail configurations: (i) tail held up in an evident display (urinate tail-up, UT-up); (ii) tail slightly raised to avoid its impregnation with urine (urinate tail-down, UT-down). We used both signaller- and receiver-based approaches to search for functional differences between these two kinds of urine deposition. We predicted that UT-up might be a complex signal combining olfactory and visual cues. We… 

Multimodal signaling in wild Lemur catta: economic design and territorial function of urine marking.

It is suggested that UT-up in the nonmating period plays a role in territorial defense, which is mostly performed by females in L. catta society, and is an economical signal with a primarily territorial function.

Urine marking and urination in Lemur catta: a comparison of design features

It is demonstrated that both UM and UR have constant depositional features probably in order to improve the detectability of the urine marking and the animals' safety during urine excretion.

Adult play fighting and potential role of tail signals in ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta).

  • E. Palagi
  • Psychology
    Journal of comparative psychology
  • 2009
Tail-play was most frequent in the dyads with low grooming rates (low familiarity degree) and during the most risky play sessions (polyadic ones), so tail-play can be considered as a useful tool for play communication in ringtailed lemurs.

RESEARCH ARTICLE The Vomeronasal Organ of Lemur catta

The VNO of L. catta is shown to be microanatomically comparable to that of nocturnal strepsirrhines, and numerous taste buds present at the oral opening to the nasopalatine duct provide an additional (or alternative) explanation for the flehmen behavior that has been observed in this species.

The vomeronasal organ of Lemur catta

The VNO of L. catta is shown to be microanatomically comparable to that of nocturnal strepsirrhines, and numerous taste buds present at the oral opening to the nasopalatine duct provide an additional (or alternative) explanation for the flehmen behavior that has been observed in this species.

Sexual Signalling in Propithecus verreauxi: Male “Chest Badge” and Female Mate Choice

It is reported that stained-chested males had a higher throat marking activity than clean-cheted males during the mating season, but not during the birth season, and it is found that females copulated more frequently with stained-Chested males than the clean- Chested males.

Night and day: the comparative study of strepsirrhine primates reveals socioecological and phylogenetic patterns in olfactory signals

It is suggested that urine marking is an ancestral behaviour related to solitary, nocturnal living and that parallel evolutionary shifts towards greater reliance on derived glandular marking occurred in a family (Lemuridae) characterized by diurnality and sociality.

Beyond odor discrimination: demonstrating individual recognition by scent in Lemur catta.

It is demonstrated that recognition of conspecific odors goes beyond the perception of cues other than individuality and that the receiver actually forms a mental representation of a specific individual by its scent.

Females do it better. Individual recognition experiments reveal sexual dimorphism in Lemur catta (Linnaeus 1758) olfactory motivation and territorial defence

The result of individual recognition bioassays of female odours may open interesting scenarios in the evaluation of the territorial defence investment across the different sex combinations.

Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Male Scent Marks in the Polygynous Greater Sac‐Winged Bat

Scent marking of male Saccopteryx bilineata might be congruent with the assessment-hypothesis, which states that scent marks offer intruders the possibility to make an olfactory assessment of the territory owner without direct physical interaction, but is most likely influenced by male-male competition and not by female choice.

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